Brain science 203 Human Development

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Huge Five Traits Model. N=neuroticismE=extraversionO=openness to experienceA=agreeablenessC=conscientiousness. Hypothesis and Research Stability of Personality Traits. Costa and McCrae research (1996) recommend just two attributes might changeIncrease in Agreeableness Decrease in ExtraversionHostile individuals will remain HostileOptimistic individuals will stay hopeful.

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Brain science 203 Human Development Psychosocial Development in Late Adulthood (Chapter 18)

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Big Five Traits Model N=neuroticism E=extraversion O=openness to encounter A=agreeableness C=conscientiousness

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Theory and Research Stability of Personality Traits Costa and McCrae inquire about (1996) propose just two attributes may change Increase in Agreeableness Decrease in Extraversion Hostile individuals will stay Hostile Optimistic individuals will stay hopeful

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Theory and Research Stability of Personality Traits Contrary convictions

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Ego Integrity versus despondency Erikson's eighth and last phase of improvement a man either accomplish a feeling of respectability of the self or respect give up Integrity – Accepting the lives they have lived and acknowledge passing Despair – Their lives can't be remembered.

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Models of Coping Adaptive Defenses Adaptive barriers might be oblivious or instinctive Altruism Humor Suppression (keeping a hardened upper lip) Anticipation (making arrangements for the future) Sublimation (transforming lemons into lemonade) Independent of IQ, training and social class

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Models of Coping Cognitive-Appraisal Coping systems on premise on discernment and examination of circumstance Includes anything an individual thinks or does in attempting to adjust o stretch, paying little respect to how well it functions Coping is progressive and developing procedure Requires ceaseless reappraisal amongst self and condition.

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Models of Coping Cognitive-Appraisal Model

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Models of Coping Cognitive-Appraisal Two Strategies Problem – Focused: system coordinated toward disposing of, overseeing or enhancing an upsetting circumstance Emotion – Focused: methodology guided toward dealing with the enthusiastic reaction to an unpleasant circumstance to decrease its physical or mental effect (palliative adapting)

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Models of Coping Cognitive-Appraisal Emotion – Focused Divert consideration far from an issue Give into circumstance or issue Deny that the issue exists

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Religion and Well Being Religion appears to assume a strong part Social bolster Encouragement of sound way of life Perception of a measure of control over life through petition (constructive passionate states Reduction of stress External control of disasters (confidence in God) Nonreligious individuals with common qualities have comparative steady part

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Successful or Optimal Aging Disengagement Theory Activity Theory Continuity Theory Role of Productivity Selective Optimization with Compensation

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Disengagement Theory Successful maturing is portrayed by shared withdrawal between the more seasoned individual and Society quits giving helpful parts to more established grown-up

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Activity Theory Successful maturing is subject to people capacity to stay dynamic. Grown-up's parts are real wellsprings of fulfillment – The more noteworthy the loss of parts the less fulfilled a man will be. Retirement Widowhood Distance from youngsters ailment

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Continuity Theory To age effectively individuals must keep up an adjust of progression and change in both the inward and outside structures of their lives. Continuation of a way of life. Resigned individuals are most joyful seeking after work or relaxation exercises like those they have delighted in before

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Role of Productivity Productive movement, either paid or unpaid is vital to maturing admirably. 9 out of 10 agers take part in some type of gainful action overall 33% more housework Twice as much yard work Three circumstances as much paid work Four circumstances as considerably humanitarian effort.

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Selective Optimization with Compensation Older grown-ups can be: More adaptable in adapting techniques Emotion-centering make up for loss of control over specific parts of their lives More particular about social contacts Maintain contact with individuals who can best meet their present requirements for passionate fulfillment. Make up for narrowing of potential outcomes in their lives

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Work, Retirement, Leisure * The idea of retirement got to be distinctly across the board during the mid twentieth century 1950 obligatory retirement was practically prohibited in the US as a type of age segregation Most grown-ups who can resign do resign

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Work, Retirement, Leisure Older laborers are More beneficial Slower however more precise Dependable Responsible Frugal with time and materials

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Work, Retirement, Leisure * The extent of a retiree's social bolster system is the most effective indicator of fulfillment in retirement Family-engaged way of life Low-cost exercises around family, home and sidekicks Conversation Watching TV Visiting with family and companions Playing cards Doing "what tags along"

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Work, Retirement, Leisure Balanced speculation – retirement action allotted among family, work, and relaxation. Genuine recreation – requiring aptitude, consideration and remark Master an art Pursue an extreme

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Living Arrangements Developing nations both elderly men and ladies normally live with grown-up youngsters and grandchildren in multigenerational family units. Created nations the minority of more established grown-ups living alone has expanded extraordinarily since 1960. (95.5% live in the group)

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Living Arrangements * The development of elderly single-individual families are a result of   expanded seniority benefits turn around home loan programs empower individuals to inhabit home longer long haul mind approaches that debilitate institutional living Factors for not living alone Personality Cognitive capacities Physical wellbeing Depleted interpersonal organization

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Group Living Arrangements Retirement inn – renovated to address issues (switchboard, made administration, message) Retirement people group (independent improvement) Shared lodging (shared casually by grown-up guardians) Accessory loft or ECHO (senior bungalow lodging opportunity) autonomous units on the grounds of relatives) Congregated lodging (private or government-sponsored rental flat buildings or manufactured houses) Assisted-living office (semi-autonomous living in one's own particular room or condo) Foster-mind home Continuing consideration retirement group

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Mistreatment of Elderly Physical viciousness Psychological mishandle Emotional manhandle Material misuse Neglect Violating individual rights Right to security Make their very own and wellbeing choices

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Social Contact Social Convoy Theory Changes in social contact Coworkers and other easygoing companions drop away * Retain a stable inward hover of social escorts Close companions Family individuals Socioemotional selectivity hypothesis Become progressively specific about the general population they invest their energy with

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UN's Principles of Older Persons Independence Access to sufficient sustenance, water, dress and medicinal services Opportunity to work Participate in deciding when and what pace withdrawal from work drive Access to suitable instructive and preparing programs Able to live at home for whatever length of time that conceivable

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UN's Principles of Older Persons Participation Remain incorporated in the public eye, take an interest effectively in development and usage of strategies that influence their prosperity, impart information and aptitudes to more youthful era Seek and create open doors for administration to the group Able to shape developments or relationship of more established people

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UN's Principles of Older Persons Care Should profit by family and group care and insurance as per qualities Have access to medicinal services to help keep up or recover ideal level of physical, mental and passionate prosperity Able to use levels of institutional care giving assurance, restoration and social/mental incitement in others conscious and secure condition Able to appreciate human rights and central flexibilities including full regard for Dignity Beliefs Needs Privacy Quality for their lives

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UN's Principles of Older Persons Self-satisfaction Able to seek after open doors for the full advancement of their potential Access to instructive, social, otherworldly, and recreational assets of society Dignity Able to live in poise and security free of misuse and physical/mental manhandle Treated genuinely paying little heed to age, sexual orientation, racial/ethic foundation, inability or status, and esteemed for their monetary commitment

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Long-Term Marriage Long-term marriage another wonder One in five marriage endures at least fifty years Conflict determination abilities are vital to conjugal fulfillment Long marriage tried by propelling age and physical ills Divorce and remarriage is uncommon

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Friendships * Friends are critical on the grounds that they are picked by the individual Soften the effect of weight on physical and metal wellbeing

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Relationships with Adult Children In US, standardized savings and Medicare have lifted a few duties regarding the elderly from relatives Older guardians get to be distinctly discouraged in the event that they need to request assistance from family in view of solid estimation of autonomy

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