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Before we begin!!!!! Political : Who controls what? What sort of government is there? Anything to do with laws or war. Monetary : What sort of economy? How do individuals bring home the bacon? Geology : Where is it? Is the land rugged? Betray? Maritime? Social : Religious, scholarly, creative

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Ancient River Valley Civs

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ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA Oldest known progress Cradle of Human Civilization Old Testament Nebuchadnezzar Ziggurat (right) Hanging gardens

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Geography This civ ascended in the valleys between the Tigris and Euphrates waterways. Some say this Fertile Crescent was the genuine Garden of Eden.

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In what cutting edge nation was the Fertile Crescent?

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Ur, the capital city of Mesopotamia

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Political:What was the soonest kingdom in Mesopotamia? The second?

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Social This is cuneiform. Babylonians composed utilizing this "wedge-molded" written work on mud tablets. The Sumerians designed written work.

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More cuneiform composition

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More ziggurats

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Hanging patio nurseries of Babylonia

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The old city of Babylon, under King Nebuchadnezzar II, more likely than not been a ponder to the explorer's eyes. "In expansion to its size," composed Herodotus , a student of history in 450 BC, "Babylon outperforms in magnificence any city in the known world." Herodotus guaranteed the external dividers were 56 miles long, 80 feet thick and 320 feet high. Sufficiently wide, he said, to permit a four-horse chariot to turn. The internal dividers were "not so thick as the initially, however barely less strong." Inside the dividers were posts and sanctuaries containing monstrous statues of strong gold. Transcending the city was the renowned Tower of Babel , a sanctuary to the god Marduk, that appeared to reach to the sky

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Another work of art of the hanging gardens with Tower of Babel in back

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Economic: exchange and cultivating Sumerians (Mesopotamians) were known to exchange with the Egyptians and the Indus Valley civic establishments. In later years, these exchange courses got to be Silk Road .

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Sumerians designed the wheel! The wheel was developed by 6000 BC! It helped military, cultivating and exchange. At right, this is made of wood.

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Political:Mesopotamian Law Code of Hammurabi "tit for tat tooth for a tooth"

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That finishes up Mesopotamia. Any inquiries before the test?

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Mesopotamia Quiz Political:What law framework did Sumerians utilize? Imply: It can be summed: tit for tat; tooth for tooth . Monetary: How did Mesopotamians procure a living? Geography:Between what 2 waterways did the Fertile Crescent show up? Social:What sort of composing did they utilize?

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ANCIENT EGYPT Nile River Mummies Pharaohs Rameses King Tutankhamen Hieroglyphics

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Egyptian human advancement Egyptian development emerged somewhat after Mesopotamia. Geology: It was revolved around the Nile River.

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The Nile River

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Pyramids These are the Giza pyramids, the most well known. Pyramids were tombs for the rulers. These were implicit 3500 B.C.E. How old would they say they are?

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Political:Egyptian Pharaohs Egyptians were driven by Pharaohs. They were minister rulers King Tut is the most well known Using PCs, this picture was recreated utilizing his remaining parts

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Tutankhamun on the position of authority

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Abu Simbel was worked by Ramseses II

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Mummies Egyptians who could bear to do as such would have themselves preserved. They trusted in a superior the hereafter if their body was safeguarded.

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The Egyptians took out the greater part of the inside organs, aside from the heart. When they expelled them the organs were placed in canopic jugs, that were placed in the tomb with the mummy. They didn't take out the heart since it was accepted to be the knowledge and feeling of the individual. The Egyptians thought the mind had no noteworthy esteem, so they took it out through the nose. The body was stuffed and secured with natron (a salty drying specialist). After this the body was left for 40-50 days. 

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Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphics

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What did Egyptians compose on? Old Egyptians utilized papyrus , a substance got from the plant of a similar name

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The Great Sphinx is situated on the Giza level, around six miles west of Cairo.

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Nubia People far and wide have learnt about the magnificent past of the Egyptian realm, yet most have neglected to learn of the Nubia, which was once in a while significantly more grounded than the Egyptian domain. Nubia equaled Egypt in riches and influence, and commonly impacted each other.

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The Egyptians called them the Kush. The Kush was practically identical with Egypt, and both states spoke with each other continually. Today we don't know about Nubia nor Kush. In its place is nothern Sudan. With the development of the Aswan high dam in the 1960s, Nubian land was overwhelmed and that constrained nearly 100,000 Nubians to look for new homes in Egyptian and Sudanese urban communities. Nubia's great past is presently submerged.

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The Great Sphinx & Cheferen

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Egyptian economy Although Egypt looks truly advanced, the economy is a customary economy in view of cultivating and exchange. Egyptians exchanged here and there the Nile, with Mesopotamians and in some cases with Indus Valley (in Pakistan)

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That finishes up Egypt. Any inquiries before the test?

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Egypt Quiz 1.What stream is the reason for Egyptian progress? 2.What "paper" did Egyptians compose on? 3. What is an Egyptian ruler called? 4.What written work framework did Egyptians utilize? 5.What other African kingdom did Egypt exchange and communicate with? 6. What sort of financial framework did Egypt have?

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Indus Valley development

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G:What advanced nations was the Indus Valley civ in?

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Indus River Valley This civ is still secretive. The written work has not been deciphered.

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Indus River human advancement We do know the urban areas were sufficiently complex to have block dividers encompassing them for assurance against flooding from the Indus River.

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Various antiquities discovered

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What are curios?

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Indus Economy Just like the other stream valley civs, the Indus waterway valley individuals were for the most part ranchers. Customary economy They traded with Chinese and with Sumerians (Mesopotamians).

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That finishes up Indus River Valley Civilization. Get prepared for the test.

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Indus River Quiz P: Why do we know so little of the power structure in the Indus Valley? E: How did the Indus bring home the bacon? G:In what current nation are the settlements of the Indus River Valley human advancement? G:Why did the urban communities have such a variety of dividers? S: How do Indus relics exhibit that the Indus Valley was advanced?

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ANCIENT CHINA Great Wall Began 2000 B.C. Command of Heaven Dynasties Silk cosmology

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As in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and along the Indus River, Chinese human advancement started inside a noteworthy waterway valley. Advanced China itself is an enormous geological territory. Around 4000 BC, this colossal range contained a practically boundless number of ethnic gatherings and dialects. This history, in which an endless region populated by differing ethnic gatherings got to be, after some time, a pretty much single culture, started in the Yellow River Valley .

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Yellow River Civilization G:Ancient China was conformed to the Yellow River. The shading yellow symbolized "centrality", as in China is the focal point of the world.

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Chinese achievements During the Zhou and Shang periods, the Chinese made wonderful accomplishments in cosmology and bronzework, figured out how to make silk and make books, and built up an unpredictable arrangement of composing

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E:Chinese designed Silk was intriguing and costly, so it was useful for exchanging with whatever remains of the world. It is produced using silk worms. Silk likewise makes "paper"

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Silk worm

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S:Chinese space science 2137 BC - Chinese book 书经 records the soonest known sun based obscuration on October 22 . ca. 2000 BC - Chinese discover that Jupiter needs 12 years to finish one transformation of its circle. ca. 1400 BC - Chinese record the consistency of sunlight based and lunar obscurations and the soonest known sun oriented variety 日珥. ca. 1200 BC - Chinese separation the sky into twenty eight locales 二十八宿 for acknowledgments of the stars. ca. 1100 BC - Chinese first decide the spring equinox 黄赤交角. 776 BC - Chinese make the soonest dependably record of sunlight based shroud .

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In the Middle Ages the Arabs made known all through Muslim Spain a material which was to supplant every one of its forerunners. This was paper, whose produce they imported from far off and strange domain of China. The principal paper showed up in China around 200 BC. Its name is gotten from papyrus. Silk was changed into paper by a procedure of gluing, but since silk was costly, fleece and cotton came to be utilized. This development was ascribed to Ts'ai Lun. In the photo over, the assembling procedure utilized by the Chinese. They soaks mulberry or bamboo bark in water, then manipulated it to deliver a glue from which they got smooth thin sheets of paper.

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According to Chinese political hypothesis, each line experiences the purported dynastic cycle : another ruler joins China and establishes another tradition. China, under the new line, accomplishes success and another brilliant age . The regal group of the administration starts to rot, debasement gets to be widespread in the majestic court, and the domain starts to enter decay and precariousness. The tradition loses the Mandate of Heaven , their authenticity to run, and is ousted by a defiance. The Mandate of Heaven is then passed to the following tradition