Bedding Plant Production

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Bedding Plant Production By: Johnny M. Jessup Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor

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Introduction Bedding plants are herbaceous plants that are regularly developed in open air beds to give beautiful sprouts or foliage to a scene.

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Bedding Plants Fastest developing portion of horticulture Best Sellers (% of US Market) Impatiens (44%) Geraniums (20%) Petunias (14%) Other top merchants are… . Begonias Marigolds Pansies

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Impatiens Grow 6-18" high w/succulent stems. Spear formed takes off.

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Impatiens Small and adjusted blooms with five petals and one petal is molded like a tube that distends from the underside of the blossom Pink, lavender, red, white, purple, salmon and coral.

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Impatiens Spaced 12-18" and requirements fractional sun or shade. May be spread from seeds or cuttings.

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Impatiens Time from seeding to market packs is around 8 weeks Seeds ought to be set on surface of medium and secured delicately Germination requires light and temperature of 60-70F Can be engendered from cuttings Have been the main sheet material product for a considerable length of time Grow well in shade

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Geraniums Grow 12-18" Leaves are adjusted with scalloped edges. Red, white, or pink blossoms. 2/3 of plants sold are red.

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Geraniums Need coordinate daylight and 10-12" dispersing. May be engendered from seeds or cutting and transplanted.

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Geraniums Time from seeding to showcase in packs is around 14 weeks and in pots is around 16 weeks. Seeds are vast and must be scarified as a result of hard seed coats (seed organization).

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Geraniums Cover seeds with a 1/8" of soil. Medium (soil blend) ought to be around 75 o F. Can be proliferated from cuttings (greater and progressively various blossoms).

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Petunias Grow from 6-18" tall and have blossoms with a tube molded base. Bloom hues are red, pink, white, blue, and pastels. Separated 10-12"

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Petunias Grown from seeds and transplanted. Time from seeding to advertise in packs is around 10 weeks and 11 weeks in pots. Sow seeds on surface of medium. (285,000 seed to an ounce) Need light and 70 o F - 80 o F developing medium temperature.

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Petunias Many distinctive sorts and hues. One of main five annuals in the US for more than 100 years.

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Begonias Grow 6-13" high with pink, red or white blooms. Dispersed 6-10" and need coordinate daylight.

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Begonias May be spread from seeds or cuttings and afterward transplanted.

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Begonias Time from seeding to advertise in packs is around 14 weeks and in pots is around 16 weeks. Little seed ought to be softly squeezed into surface of developing medium. Germination requires 65-70 F medium temperature. Can be engendered with stem cuttings. Plants do well in full sun to shade.

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Marigolds Grow 6" to 4' tall with orange or yellow blooms. Impactful fragrance. Dispersed 6-12" separated . Best in full daylight. Developed from seeds or transplants

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Marigolds Time from seeding to market is around 9 weeks in packs and 10 weeks in pots. Cover seeds with ¼" of medium. Germination medium ought to be 70-75 o F.

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Marigolds Grow outside in full sun. Plants grow 6"- 4' tall. Couple of issues.

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Pansies Grow 6-8" tall and have moon molded blossoms in numerous hues… . Blue, purple, yellow, white, pink, and red. Dispersed 6-8" and developed in full sun. Developed from seeds and transplanted. Cool season bedding plant.

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Pansies Time from seeding to showcase in packs is around 12 weeks and 13 weeks in pots. Seeds ought to be planted on surface of medium and secured with paper to keep dim. Media 70 o F. Develop in full sun. Cool climate bedding plant.

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Pansies Growing Pansies in Eastern NC BUY PLUGS!!! (It is difficult to have germination media at 70 o F amid August) Seeded plants for the most part turn leggy and appalling.

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Problems, Causes & Solutions Related with Bedding Plant Production

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Cultural Problems Caused by one of four issues: Germination issues. Treatment issues. Uneven development. Tall & spindly development.

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Cultural Problems – Germination Are created by… . Dishonorable temperature. Over-watering. Underwatering. Compound buildups in medium. Seed planting profundity. Low quality seeds.

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Cultural Problems – Germination Problems can be remedied or counteracted by… . Utilizing top notch seeds. Planted at legitimate profundity in medium. Having no compound buildups. Keeping up legitimate temperature. Keep up legitimate dampness levels.

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Cultural Problems – Fertilization Are brought about by… . Absence of supplements. Root damage. Shameful pH of medium. Exorbitant preparation.

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Cultural Problems – Fertilization Problems can be understood by… . Testing soil or media. Applying right sums & sorts of supplements and pH rectifying materials.

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Cultural Problems – Uneven Growth Caused by… . Poor blending of medium. Uneven dampness levels. Unlevel pads. Poor reviewing of seedlings.

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Cultural Problems – Uneven Growth Problems can be remedied or anticipated by… . Legitimate blending of media. Notwithstanding watering. Evaluating seedlings by size and quality. Setting pads level.

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Cultural Problems – Tall & Spindly Growth Caused by… . An excess of nitrogen manure. Overwatering. Low light force. (A lot of shade) High temperatures.

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Cultural Problems – Tall & Spindly Growth Problems can be fathomed by… . Adjust measure of nitrogen. Lessening recurrence of watering. Bringing down temperature. Giving all the more light. Utilizing development retardant. (B-Nine)

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Diseases Plant ailments cause… . Seedlings to fall over. Lower to turn cocoa, spoil and dry.

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Damping Off Botrytis Causes of Plant Disease Seedlings falling over brought about by either… . Stem spoil Damping off Lower leaves turning chestnut decaying & drying created by… . Botrytis

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Controlling Plant Diseases Controlling stem decay & damping off Using cleaned media. Utilizing fungicides. Enhancing air dissemination around plants. Botrytis Increasing air temperature. Increment dissemination round plants. Utilizing appropriate fungicide.

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Insects cause… . Plants to miss. Openings in the leaves or plant parts to miss.

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Insects – Causes Plants being missing created by… . Slugs. Snails. Cockroaches.

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Aphids Mealy bugs Scale creepy crawlies Thrips Whiteflies Flea bugs Fungus gnats Leaf diggers Cutworms Caterpillars Insects – Causes Holes in the leaves or missing plant parts are brought about by… .

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Aphids Mealybugs Thrips Scale Insects

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Whiteflies Flea Beetle Fungus Gnats Leaf Miners Insects

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Cutworms Caterpillars Insects

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Controlling Insects can be forestalled or controlled by… . Utilizing draws. Prescribed bug sprays.

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Media Used in Transplanting Bedding Plants

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Media is the material used to begin and develop plants. The 3 primary sorts are… . Soil Inorganic materials Commercially arranged blends.

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Soil Must be blended with different materials, for example, peat greenery to include natural matter and enhance air circulation and seepage.

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Inorganic Materials Improve air circulation & seepage. Illustrations incorporate… . Sand Finely ground stone Gravel

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Perlite Vermiculite Inorganic Materials Perlite Expanded volcanic shake. Unbiased pH (7.0 – 7.5) Sterile Vermiculite Expanded mica Sterile

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Commercially Prepared Mixes that are sterile, contain no creepy crawlies, weeds or maladies. Sorts incorporate… . Jiffy-Mix Redi-Earth Pro-Mix Sunshine Mix Metro Mix Other brands are accessible

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Containers Used in Transplanting Bedding Plants

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Seed Flat Cell Packs Containers Flat Plastic plate typically utilized for planting seeds. Cell packs Several little cell-like pots of plastic formed together utilized for planting maybe a couple seeds for every cell and offering without transplanting to another compartment.

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Peat Pots Jiffy 7 Pellets Containers Peat pots Can be planted specifically in the dirt. Jiffy 7 pellet Can be gasped straightforwardly in the dirt.

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Plastic Pots Clay Pots Styrofoam Pots Containers Plastic, Clay, & Styrofoam Pots Come in different sizes & shapes.

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Hanging Baskets Containers Hanging Baskets Used to hang plants.

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Standard Pots Azalea Pots Containers Standard Pots an indistinguishable size width at the top from it is high. Azalea Pots ¾ as high as its top distance across or width.

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Transplanting Bedding Plants

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Transplanting Bedding Plants Seedlings ought to have genuine leaves… . Not simply seed leaves or cotyledons. Holding up too long causes transplant stun. Hold plants by their leaves: Holding by the stem will wound the stem bringing about plant passing.

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Transplanting Bedding Plants Media may should be extricated with a pot mark to keep from breaking stem & roots. Try not to shake medium off roots.

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Transplanting Bedding Plants Use dibble or different intends to make an opening for the transplanting seedling. Plant seedling in the media in the new compartment somewhat more profound than it developed in the level and delicately squeeze media around roots.

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Transplanting Bedding Plants Water delicately to settle media around roots. Keep sodden for a couple days to anticipate withering & drying. Develop and solidify off before offering.

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Designed By: Johnny M. Jessup; FFA Advisor Hobbton High School

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