Bedding Plant Production

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Bedding Plant Production Competencies: 10.00-13.00

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Begonias Geraniums Impatiens Marigolds Pansies Petunias Potential Problems Media Transplanting Bedding Plant Production Categories (Click to see)

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Begonias Grow 6"- 12" high with pink, red, or white blooms Spaced 6"- 10" separated and require coordinate daylight May be spread from seeds or cuttings and transplanted

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Begonias Time from seeding to showcase in packs is around 14 weeks (16 weeks in pots) Small seeds ought to be gently squeezed into surface of sprouting medium Germination requires light and 65-70 degree F medium temperature Can be engendered by stem cuttings Plants do well in full sun to shade

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Geraniums Grow 12"- 18" Dark green leaves are adjusted with scalloped edges Flowers are red, white, or pink and develop on a stem Flowers have numerous petals in a bunch formed like a ball

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Geraniums About 2/3 of all geraniums sold are red Direct daylight is required 10"- 12" dividing is required May be proliferated from seeds or cuttings and transplanted

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Geraniums Time from seeding to advertise in packs is around 14 weeks (16 weeks in pots) Seeds are expansive and must be scarified due to hard seed coats Seed providers for the most part scarify before pressing available to be purchased. Seeds ought to be coved with 1/8 creep of Medium ought to be around 75 degrees F.

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Impatiens Grow 6"- 18" high and have succulent stems Lance molded leaves Flower hues incorporate pink, lavender, white, red, purple, salmon, and coral.

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Impatiens Flowers are little and round with five petals One bloom petal is molded like a tube that distends from the underside of the blossom Spaced 12"- 18" and necessities fractional sun or shade May be spread from seeds or cuttings

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Impatiens Time from seeding to showcase in packs is around 8 weeks Seeds ought to be put on surface of medium and secured delicately Germination requires light and temperature of 60-70 degrees F Have been the main sheet material yield for a long time Grow well in shade

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Marigolds Grow from 6" to 4' tall Orange or yellow blooms have a sharp fragrance Spaced 6"- 12" separated and develop best in full daylight Grown from seeds and transplanted

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Marigolds Time from seeding to advertise in packs is around 9 weeks (10 weeks in pots) Seeds ought to be secured by ¼" of sprouting Medium ought to be 70-75 degrees F Outdoor plants ought to develop in full sun for best quality Very couple of social issues

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Pansies Grow from 6-8" tall Moon-confronted blossoms in numerous hues (blue, purple, yellow, white, pink, red) Spaced 6-8" in full sun Grown from seeds and transplanted Cool-season bedding plant

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Pansies Time from seeding to showcase in packs is around 12 weeks (13 weeks in pots) Seeds ought to be planted on surface of medium and secured with paper to keep dim Germination medium ought to be 70 degrees Fahrenheit Grow in full sun

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Petunias Grow from 6"- 18" tall Flowers have a tube-formed base Colors incorporate red, pink, white, blue, and pastels Spaced 10"- 12" Grown from seeds and transplanted

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Petunias Time from seeding to advertise in packs is around 10 weeks (11 weeks in pots) Sow seeds on surface of medium Seeds are little (285,000 for every ounce) Need light and 70-80 degrees F growing medium temperature Many diverse sorts and hues One of main five annuals in the U.S. for more than 100 years

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Potential Problems (Click to see) Cultural Disorders Germination Problems Fertilization Problems Uneven development Tall and spindly development Diseases Seedlings falling over Lower leaves chestnut, spoiling, and drying Insects Plants missing Holes in leaves or plant parts missing

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Cultural-Germination Problems Causes Improper temperatures Over-watering or underwatering Chemical deposits in medium Seed planting profundity Low quality seeds

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Cultural-Germination Problems Correction or Prevention Use fantastic seeds Plant at legitimate profundity Use medium with no concoction buildups Maintain appropriate temperatures Maintain legitimate dampness levels

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Cultural-Fertilization Problems Causes Lack of supplements Root harm Improper pH of medium Excessive treatment Manganese Deficiency

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Cultural-Fertilization Problems Correction or Prevention Test soil or media Apply rectify sums and sorts of supplements Use pH adjusting materials

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Cultural-Uneven Growth Causes Poor blending of medium Uneven dampness levels Unlevel pads Poor reviewing of seedlings

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Cultural-Uneven Growth Correction or Prevention Proper blending of media Even watering Grading seedlings by size and quality Placing pads level

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Cultural-Tall and Spindly Growth Causes Too much nitrogen compost Overwatering Low light power (an excessive amount of shade) High temperatures

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Cultural-Tall and Spindly Growth Correction or Prevention Use the right measure of nitrogen Reduce recurrence of watering Lower temperature Provide all the more light Use development retardant, for example, B-Nine SP

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Diseases-Seedlings Falling Over Causes Stem decay Damping-off

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Diseases-Seedlings Falling Over Correction or Prevention Use sanitized media Apply fungicides Improve air course around plants

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Diseases-Brown, spoiling leaves Causes Botrytis

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Diseases-Brown, decaying leaves Correction or Prevention Increase air temperature Increase air flow around plants Use legitimate fungicide

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Insects-Plants Missing Causes Slugs Snails Cockroaches

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Insects-Plants Missing Correction or Prevention Use draws and pesticides

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Causes Aphids Mealy Bugs Scale Insects Thrips Whiteflies Flea creepy crawlies Fungus Gnats Leaf diggers Cutworms Caterpillars Insects-Holes in Leaves

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Insects-Holes in Leaves Correction or Prevention Use of prescribed pesticides to control bugs

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Bedding Plant Media-materials used to begin and develop plants Soil Inorganic materials Commercially arranged blends

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Soil must be blended with different materials, for example, peat greenery to include natural matter and enhance air circulation and seepage.

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Inorganic Materials Improve air circulation and waste Sand-finely ground stone Gravel Perlite Expanded volcanic shake Neutral pH 7.0-7.5 sterile Vermiculite Expanded mica sterile

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Commercially Prepared Mixes Sterile (no bugs, weeds, or infections) Jiffy-Mix Redi-Earth Pro-Mix Sunshine Mix Metro Mix Other brands additionally accessible

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Containers Flat-plastic plate utilized for planting seeds Cell packs-a few little cell-like pots of plastic formed together utilized for planting maybe a couple seeds for each cell Sold without transplanting to another compartment Peat pots can be planted straightforwardly in the dirt Jiffy 7 pellet can be planted specifically in the dirt

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Containers Plastic pots of different sizes and shapes Clay pots of different sizes and shapes Styrofoam pots of different sizes Hanging wicker bin Standard pot is an indistinguishable width at the top from it is high Azalea pot is ¾ as high as its top distance across or width

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Transplanting Instructions Seedlings ought to have genuine leaves not quite recently seed leaves or cotyledons before being transplanted. Holding up too long to transplant causes stun to transplanted seedlings.

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Transplanting Instructions Hold plants by their takes off. Try not to hold by the stem in light of the fact that a seriously wounded stem will bring about the seedling to pass on. The media may should be relaxed with a pot name to keep from breaking stem and roots. Try not to shake medium off roots.

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Transplanting Instructions Use a dibble or different intends to make an opening for the transplanting seedling.

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Transplanting Instructions 5. Plant seedling in the media in the new holder somewhat more profound than it developed in the level and delicately squeeze media around roots.

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Transplanting Instructions 6. Water tenderly to settle media around roots.

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Transplanting Instructions Keep clammy for a couple days to avoid withering and biting the dust. Develop and solidify off before offering.