Banner Telecom Global Transmission Network Overview

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Hail Telecom Global Transmission Network Overview Connecting Continents. Associating Cultures FLAG Telecom Ltd. Business In Confidence

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Contents Introduction; Our worldwide fiber-optic/SDH arrange Architecture & scratch highlights Performance FLAG developed system frameworks FLAG obtained organize frameworks Reliance India arrange Metro rings and expanded reach VPoPs FLAG transmission administrations Operations and administration FLAG worldwide MPLS/IP arrange & peering

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Introduction FLAG Telecom is a main supplier of universal system transport, availability and information administrations to the discount correspondences & Internet people group Our administrations are conveyed over a broad fiber-optic and MPLS based IP organize that we possess and deal with The system completely encompasses the globe, associating key markets in Asia, Europe, the Middle East and the USA This system touches more than 75% of the total populace The system consistently associates a few submarine and earthbound link frameworks Incorporating self-constructed and acquired offices crosswise over Europe, Mediterranean, Arabian Gulf, Indian Ocean, South China Sea, Pacific, North America and Atlantic FLAG's transmission administrations give the establishments supporting the systems of huge numbers of the world's biggest bearers and Internet administrators

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Our worldwide fiber-optic/SDH organize A rapid, profoundly dependable system that completely encloses the globe, giving direct scope and consistent network between major worldwide telecoms centers, business markets and high-development economies crosswise over four landmasses

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Architecture review The FLAG worldwide system is completely optical and is transcendently a submarine based system Terrestrial systems are executed to give backhaul network to residential city hubs, and to give earthly connections between submarine fragments (USA, Europe, Egypt, Thailand) It is outlined, designed and worked to give exceedingly solid, versatile and practical transmission FLAG sticks to industry norms in all angles on our system, building, benefit conveyance and operations The system is completely SDH/SONET good and backings an extensive variety of standard optical and electrical interfaces and paces for client circuits FLAG works with driving merchants for all part components of the system FLAG hubs are situated in key landing stations and 'transporter inns' to give prepared access to different systems

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High adaptability 320 Gbps ensured (Scalable to 2.4 + 2.4 Tbps) 90 Gbps secured (FALCON - arranged) (Scalable to 2.56 Tbps) up to 10 Gbps 9.95 Gbps 10 – 20 Gbps (Upgradeable to 80 Gbps based upon ebb and flow innovation) 250 Gbps Protected (Scalable to 1.2 + 1.92 Tbps) 62 Gbps 50 Gbps (FALCON - arranged) (Scalable to 1.28 Tbps) The FLAG center optical spine is scaled to fulfill between mainland and intra-provincial request. It adequately gives 'transmission capacity on tap', empowering us to address both close and long haul development popular, and maintain a strategic distance from over-membership in our IP layer. Proficient scope organization methods effectively screen development patterns and client driven request to trigger suitable overhauls

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Route separations FLAG Europe Network ~7,800 km Trans-America Network ~12,400 km FALCON (declared) 10,300 km FLAG Atlantic 1 (FA-1) ~ 12,800 km Trans-Pacific Network ~ 17,700 km FLAG Europe Asia (FEA) ~ 27,000 km FLAG North Asia Loop (FNAL) ~ 11,000 km The FLAG arrange extends for more than 97,000 kilometers (counting system 'goads')

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Seamless worldwide conveyance The system completely circles the globe, giving an on-net (east/west) reinforcement way for client movement and empowering us to actualize the most direct way amongst source and goal

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Common system parts Several bland segments are utilized all through the system Specific hardware and providers utilized shifts from framework to framework because of geographic, course remove, volume, age and highlight issues Additional gear is utilized in particular system frameworks for security and cross associate purposes Branching Unit (S)LTE/(D)WDM Amplifier/Repeater Customer Facing Circuits ADM Optical Fiber Add Drop Multiplexers in FLAG PoPs give the physical interface to clients at a scope of SDH information rates, going about as the cross interface and end/design point for client circuits. They total signs onto the line end hardware. Line Terminal Equipment, situated at Submarine landing stations or earthbound hubs, multiplex SDH signals onto a solitary optical fiber match. They give blunder redress, caution and supervisory offices. Incorporated or consolidated (Dense) Wavelength Division Multiplexing offices empower various wavelengths to be multiplexed. Stretching Units are utilized to "drop" neighborhood optical associations from a submarine link to the shore, giving a 'graft & joint' capacity. They give a proficient and versatile instrument of sending a link with various landing stations, without routing the whole link by means of the shoreline Amplifiers and repeaters are utilized to keep up flag quality along the length of the fiber. Speakers increment the power of the laser without optical-electro change. In any case, flag lessening through glass requires the utilization of Repeaters at standard interims that recover the first advanced flag through optical-electrical-optical change.

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Performance measures A scope of measures are taken to secure FLAG's worldwide system and to guarantee exceptionally strong and solid movement conveyance Automatic or manual assurance ways are utilized all through the system for ensured client circuits A scope of regular programmed insurance procedures are utilized inside particular FLAG framework segments: Sub Network Connection Protection (SNCP), Multiplex Section – Shared Protection Ring (MS-SPRing) or Mutiplex Section Protection (MSP1+1) system and interface cards FLAG can give on-net east/west assurance ways where proper Further particular measures are taken for individual system frameworks Including fiber differing qualities, SDH circles, Optical Protection Switching (OPS), traverse exchanging, double get to cards and so forth. Subsea links take after precisely plotted courses, are broadly defensively covered and are covered near shore to limit the effects of cataclysmic events and the danger of neighborhood cuts All PoPs are entirely designed to guarantee transporter level execution Include all essential cabling, get to, ecological, power and security safeguards

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Average On-Net Availability (2004) Mean Time To Repair Service Faults (2004) 5.0 100.00 4.5 4 Hour MTTR Target Level 99.998 99.997% Achieved Availability 4.0 3.5 99.996 3.0 Hours % 99.994 2.5 1.91 Hour MTTR Achieved Level 2.0 99.992 1.5 99.99% Target Availability 1.0 99.990 0.5 99.988 0.0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Dec Nov Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Dec Nov Long standing notoriety for extraordinary quality & execution The execution measures taken by FLAG empower us to offer best-in-class quality FLAG in general on-net system accessibility was 99.997% amid 2004 It has reliably been higher than 99.99% for more than 3 years For those uncommon deficiencies experienced, normal on-net 'Interim to Repair' (MTTR) for client benefit shortcomings was 1.91 hours amid 2004 It has reliably been lower than 4 hours for more than 3 years

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FLAG developed frameworks FA-1 FNAL FALCON (under development) FEA FLAG works its system as a solitary worldwide office. Notwithstanding, it is built from various interconnected frameworks that FLAG has either developed or obtained. The frameworks appeared above were developed by FLAG

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FLAG Europe Asia (FEA) FEA was the world's first autonomous, focused link framework to serve the Middle East and Asian markets. It was the principal free link framework to arrive in China, Saudi Arabia and Jordan, and it remains the world's longest secretly subsidized undersea framework

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Landing Station Miura (Japan) Porthcurno (UK) Branching Unit SS1 Express Route Q3 SS9 BUx A Local Route Ninomiya (Japan) BU6 B Q4 BU1 Terrestrial Fiber Connection Estepona (Spain) SSx Q1 Q2 FEA Sub-System Keoje (Korea) C SS8 A .. Q Fiber Segment ID P2 Palermo (Italy) P3 SS2 Nanhui (China) BU5 D Alexandria (Egypt) Port Said (Egypt) Aqaba (Jordan) Jeddah (Saudi Arabia) Fujairah (UAE) Penang (Malaysia) P1 E SS4 SS6 SS5 South Lantau (Hong Kong) X1 SS3 Songkhla (Thailand) F3 F4 H M X1 X2 N F1 L F2 G J K Cairo (Egypt) Suez (Egypt) X2 SS7 BU7 BU2 BU3 BU4 Mumbai (India) Satun (Thailand) Trang (Thailand) FEA topology

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FEA review FLAG built, possesses and works FEA In-administration: 1997 FEA comprises of nine sub-frameworks, containing an aggregate of 25 sections This distinguishing proof plan is utilized for development, operations & upkeep and reclamation purposes Each sub-framework involves at least two terminal stations associated by two fiber combines Express and neighborhood filaments "Nearby" and "Express" course arrangement gives proficient and superior conveyance "Express" course gives a fast way between high volume courses to limit conveyance delay for between mainland circuits "Neighborhood" course gives a nearby get to and intra-local ability WDM used to expand limit in the framework from the underlying 10 Gbps limit Current innovation will permit a move up to 80 Gbps FEA is versatilely interconnected with FA-1 in the UK and FNAL in Hong Kong and Japan UK interconnect: Porthcurno – Skewjack Hong Kong interconnect: Tong Fuk – South Lantau Japan interconnect: Miura - Wada

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FALCON (under development) another submarine link framework to address the broadband request that exists to and from the high development correspondences advertises in the Middle East and India

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Alcatel optical cross-interface 1678MCC Alcatel SLT