Atomic Basis of Genetics and Biotechnology

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Every gathering will be given an alternate analysis or knowledge that prompted the structure and capacity of DNA.. Griffith test (2 bunches) (190-191)Avery trial (191, extra handout)Hershey-Chase test (2 bunches) (192-193)Chargaff\'s perception, structure of the 4 bases (195, 196)Wilkins and Franklin\'s X-beam diffraction (196)Watson and Crick\'s DNA model and blending between bases (19

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Sub-atomic Basis of Genetics and Biotechnology The focal creed of sub-atomic science portrays the stream of hereditary data from DNA RNAprotein. This stream occurs through exact components, in spite of the fact that oversight can occur amid the procedure. Numerous innovations exploit the properties of DNA to create novel items and apparatuses.

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Each gathering will be given an alternate investigation or knowledge that prompted to the structure and capacity of DNA. Griffith analyze (2 bunches) (190-191) Avery test (191, extra present) Hershey-Chase explore (2 bunches) (192-193) Chargaff's perception, structure of the 4 bases (195, 196) Wilkins and Franklin's X-beam diffraction (196) Watson and Crick's DNA model and matching between bases (196-197)

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Griffith test

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Avery try Repeated Griffith test to see which particle really changed into the innocuous strain Treated concentrate of warmth slaughtered smooth states with catalysts that separated everything aside from DNA. What was the deal? Did same with catalyst that separated DNA. What was the deal?

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Hershey-Chase try

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Watson and Crick Model What did they know: DNA was an atom required in hereditary data What did they not know: The structure of the particle What confirm did they utilize? X-Ray diffraction: Scattered example of DNA X-beams on film created by Rosalind Franklin (demonstrated looped strand and point of stands) Chargaff's run

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What is the fundamental unit (monomer) of a nucleic corrosive? What are the 3 subunits of a nucleotide. Draw them. Which of these subunits are the same in all nucleic acids? What are the 4 bases of DNA? What is the capacity of DNA, would it be able to leave the core? Perusing test – Read through WB 34. I will stamp SG 1 for full credit today as it were. I will likewise stamp SG 3 on Thursday for full credit (if not done)

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Analysis address 2 Draw a named graph of your DNA particle. Keep the representation in a straight "stepping stool" frame as found in figure 5. Try not to endeavor to draw the helical shape. Recognize every nitrogen base. Do this on the back of WB 34

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Structure of DNA Double stranded helix Deoxyribose sugar Phosphate bunch 4 nitrogen bases Guanine : Cytosine Adenine : Thymine Hydrogen bonds associate bases

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DNA replication Each strand is correlative Replication steps DNA Helicase (compound) "unfastens" the DNA strand, breaking the hydrogen bonds DNA polymerase adds reciprocal bases to each strand (5' to 3') Sugar phosphate joins augment the chain and DNA polymerase "edits" new strand DNA ligase seals fragements together

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Person nearest to the atomic demonstrating pack Read through WB 35 Rebuild your twofold helix precisely as it was on Monday/Tuesday. (You can utilize your directions). Ensure you have the right base grouping and base matching. THIS IS YOUR READING QUIZ! Every other person at the table Read through WB 35 and characterize the accompanying terms. 1. Anticodon 2. Codon 3. Nucleotide 4. Ribosome 5. Translation Reading test

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DNA demonstrate Check with model in advance 1. Anticodon: 3 nucleotides on a tRNA correlative to the codon 2. Codon: 3 nucleotides of a mRNA that codes for an amino corrosive 3. Nucleotide: Monomer of a nucleic corrosive comprising of a sugar, base, and phosphate 4. Ribosome: Organelle which is the site of protein combination 5. Translation: Process of delivering a mRNA particle from a DNA strand Reading test answers

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Complete letters C-F utilizing the DNA atom simply made Answer these inquiries on the back of WB 35 (correct, we're saving paper) 3. An incomplete DNA stand has the accompanying grouping: CACTTGCAC. What might be the correlative mRNA arrangement 4. In what manner can protein be blended in the cytoplasm of a cell when DNA is contained in the core?

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Structure of RNA Can leave the core Single stranded Ribose sugar Phosphate amass 4 nitrogen bases Guanine : Cytosine Adenine : Uracil

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Transcription The way toward duplicating some portion of a DNA strand into a reciprocal RNA strand, so the data can be taken outside of the core without influencing the DNA particle

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Reading test. Utilize think about guide and WB 34-35. Staple exam to back of test amendments and hand over. Finish the accompanying outline

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Complete letter G Answer the accompanying inquiries on the back of WB 36 5. You have the accompanying mRNA grouping GUGAACGUG. What might be the anticodon construct grouping in light of the comparing tRNAs? Circle every codon and anticodon. 6. Utilizing a venn chart, investigate codons to anticodons (structure? Work? Area?)

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Genetic code

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English code Genetic code Has a four letter letters in order There are 20 distinctive amino acids (protein building squares) what number letters codes for every amino corrosive? Codon: 3 letter mix of mRNA strand

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tRNA Anticodon (correlative to mRNA) Attached amino corrosive Codon: AAA, then anticodon is ____

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Left table of your gathering. Assembled the mRNA particle created in letter F (indicate, take a gander at the outline on WB 40 and consider which sugar to utilize) Right table of your gathering. Assembled the tRNA atoms delivered in letter G. Include suitable amino corrosive (dark) to every tRNA Reading test

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Translation Goal of hereditary code is to create a protein. How does this happen? 1) Transcription produces mRNA strand 2) mRNA ties with ribosome 3) tRNA anticodon ties with mRNA 4) Amino acids joined to tRNA bond together

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Hookin' up amino acids mRNA and first tRNA tie to ribosome (yet not each other yet). This is dependably the counter codon UAC (amino corrosive – methionine) Ribosome filters mRNA and keeps first codon succession (AUG) at the P site. Anticodon hydrogen bonds with 1 st codon Anticodon integral to the 2 nd codon hydrogen bonds to it at the A site. Amino corrosive of 1 st tRNA confines and structures peptide bonds with amino corrosive of 2 nd tRNA mRNA and 2 nd tRNA move to one side as the 1 st tRNA leaves ribosome When a "stop codon" is achieved polypeptide chain leaves, different parts mask Polypeptide might be adjusted (where?) before it is a useful protein

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Write reaction in scratch pad Use the hereditary code (around your work area) to locate the amino corrosive arrangement coded by the mRNA grouping AUGAAGUUU Use the hereditary code (around your work area) to locate the amino corrosive succession coded by the DNA arrangement TATCATGCC

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Mutations Point Frameshift THE CAT ATE THE RAT THC ATA TET HER AT Mutations always happen (around 1 in each 1000 bases) and are essential for variety Severity relies on upon area and number of transformations

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Chromosomal changes

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Gene control All cells in a creature have similar qualities Do all cells appear to be identical and do a similar occupation? Why? How is this conceivable?

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