Antiquated Greece ~part 2

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Austere government was viewed as a standout amongst the most stable in all of Ancient Greece = prompted a warrior and military (state above individual) ...

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Antiquated Greece ~part 2

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Classical Greece (500–336 BCE) Polis (city states) = all had its own particular type of government, laws and cash (Corinth, Thebes, Athens, Sparta) Dominance of Athens as political influence ( Delian League ) development of Parthenon and Acropolis Full advancement of popular government under Pericles of Athens Classical time of Greece created awesome writing, verse, theory, show, philosophical masterminds and workmanship

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Greek Architecture Parthenon Acropolis Statue of Athena Public structures Columns marble Frieze

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Greeks created three distinct requests Doric & Ionic = 6 th century BCE Corinthian = 5 th century BCE and was further created and utilized by Romans Greek Columns

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Greek Art First to utilize 3-D on a level surface by utilizing diverse shades to give dream of profundity Focus on the idea of the "perfect" (wonderful, life like young, quiet expression) Depictions of divine beings Statues of bare structures (point by point and corresponding) Emphasis on explaining on existing styles Money dedicated to building theaters, stadiums, recreation centers, tombs

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Athenian Democracy "Demos" = individuals; " kratos " = run Monarchy and Kings Rise in influence of gentry & theocracy Hoplites c. 675-650 BCE Age of despots Democratic Reforms by Solon and Cleisthenes = Three Pillars of Athenians Democracy: 1. Gathering of 500 2. Gathering 3. Courts Athens lived under a fundamentally equitable government from 508 until 322 BCE. The People administered themselves, debating and voting separately on issues extraordinary and little, from matters of war and peace to the correct capabilities for ship vessel skippers

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Daily Life in Athens MEN Only men could be subjects; men ran government Open articulation of homosexuality (words, conduct, writing and visual expressions) particularly between more established men and young men Advancements in culture, considering, writing, reasoning, riches, extension, exchange Reliance on slaves and ladies opened up available time for men to examine theory and take an interest in legislative issues Women couldn't vote, hold office or claim property and did for the most part family unit obligations Education included turning, weaving and local expressions At 15 years of age, young ladies were viewed as prepared for marriage SLAVES Ratio of slaves to free men was entirely high as antiquarians gauge that as much as 40% of individuals in Athens region were Slaves were family hirelings; had few rights; some could pick up opportunity from liberal proprietors

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Spartan Government: majority rule timocratic monarchial theocracy Government controlled by a Council = made up of 2 rulers (nobility) and 28 nobles (over age of 60) who settled on most political choices and remote approach and was incomparable criminal court Assembly of the Spartiate (popular government)- Spartan guys beyond 30 years old who could veto and favor choices made by Kings and Council 5 Ephors (government)- drove the board, ran the military and instructive framework and could veto any decision made by the Council or Assembly Spartan government was viewed as a standout amongst the most stable in all of Ancient Greece = prompted to a warrior and military (state above individual) Aries-God of war was a benefactor divine force of the city, of wars, fights, and warriors, furthermore of valor in fight.

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Daily Life in Sparta MEN At 30 men got to be residents and could vote in Assembly, wed, claim a house Educated in perusing, wellness and utilization of weapons Boys began military preparing at 7 years old; joined military at age of 20; end of military administration at 60 years old Soldiers given land which was cultivated by the helots WOMEN Girls showed perusing and composing Participated in running and wresting, foot races, organized fights Wives of Spartan warriors managed ranches Expected and headed to deliver solid and sound kids and be faithful to the state Spartan ladies could possess and control property however held no political rights Slaves were called helots (rural slaves/laborers) made up 2/3 of populace = vanquished Messenian people groups Attempted revolt in 640 BCE yet was squashed (this constrained Sparta to make a more grounded armed force)

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Greek Philosophers and Thinkers Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Establishment of philosophical schools that look at issues, for example, genuine information, the spirit, love, excellence and logical learning Logical considering, talk, legislative issues Playrights: Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylus Other: Hippocrates, Epicurus, Archimedes, Pythagoras

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Hellenistic Era: Greece Period between triumph of Persian Empire by Alexander the Great to foundation of Roman matchless quality The word, Hellenistic, is gotten from the word, Hellene, which was the Greek word for the Greeks. The Hellenistic age "hellenized" the world through the spread of Greek culture and dialect all through Near East, Mediterranean and Asia Minor Exported Greek culture : engineering, legislative issues, law, writing, rationality, religion, and workmanship as models of flawlessness

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Trade and Coinage Trade via ocean Most essential yields: olive and grapes Items exchanged: olive oil, wine, silver, white marble, ceramics, furniture, gems, materials for grain, glass, ivory, timber Trade by deal framework Coinage rose up out of metallurgy that was measured 8 th and 7 th century BCE, silver pieces were stamped by government First mints 7 th BCE in Lydia By 5 th century BCE, most regular coinage in Mediterranean was Athens coin with owl on one side and Athena on other

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Legacies of Greece City states (polis) Thought & Philosophy Greek Language Politics Democracy Great Thinkers Art and design Myths and writing