Another Authoritative document of "Family": Grown-up Reliant Connections

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Slide 1

A New Legal Form of "Family": Adult Interdependent Relationships Definition of a Relnshp of Interdependence -a relationship outside marriage in which any 2 persons: a) share each other's life b) are sincerely dedicated to each other c) work as a monetary & residential unit -

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Criteria for Determining Whether Two People Form An Economic & Domestic Unit Under Alberta's Adult Interdependent Relationships Act Conjugality & Exclusivity: Whether the people have a marital relationship & the level of its selectiveness External Representation: Degree to which the people speak to themselves to others as a local & financial unit Formalization: Degree to which the people formalize their expectations, legitimate obliga-tions, & obligations to each other Children: Care & bolster Property: Ownership, utilize, & obtaining of

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A man is the grown-up associated accomplice of someone else if: The individual has lived with the other individual in a relationship of interdependence: i) for a constant period >3 yrs or ii) of some perpetual quality, if there is a offspring of the relationship by birth or adoption OR The individual has gone into a grown-up reliant accomplice concurrence with the other individual.

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Q & An on Adult Interdependent Partnerships Can a man have more than one A.I.P. at once? No Can a wedded individual, living with his/her life partner, have an A.I.P.? No Can a wedded individual, isolated from his/her mate have an A.I.P.? Yes How end an A.I. Organization? - Walk away for no less than 1 year -Marry somebody -Enter A.I.P. with another person -Written end understanding -by other unspecified means

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Some Facts on Alberta Families 84% of Alta pop. lives in family Lone parent families: just 12% Marital Status: see pie chart

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Figure 2.1: Marital Status & Living Arrangements of the Alberta Population Aged 15 & Over, 1995 ( Married NOTE: The accompanying are 1995 GSS information to be up-dated with 2001 statistics)

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Some Facts on Alberta Families 84% of Alta pop. lives in family Lone parent families: just 12% Marital Status: see pie chart Growth in custom-based law since '95 Marriages far surpass separates in any given year. Supreme number of separations is declining. See chart 

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Family Formation & Dissolution: Marriages and Divorces in Alberta, 1946-2001 Source: Statistics Canada CANSIM II information base. For separations, Table 530002, Vector 119; for relational unions, Table 530001, Vector 106. CANSIM is an official sign of Statistics Canada.

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Some Facts on Alberta Families 84% of Alta pop. lives in family Lone parent families: just 12% Marital Status: see pie chart Growth in custom-based law since '95 Marriages far surpass separates in any given year. Outright number of separations is declining. Interprov. Comparisons: Alta. has most astounding rough separation rate and one of most noteworthy unrefined marriage rates. 39% of Alta. relational unions end before 30 th commemoration. Among territories, just Que. & B.C. have higher separation rate.

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Why does Alberta have such a high separation rate? Understudies' Hypotheses: (begin here Oct. 4/02) Economy: blast & bust cycle Affordability Strains of occup'n-related nonattendances Long hours at work: far from fam. Strain of interprov transients having abandoned soc bolster & soc control systems Lower age at first marriage? High female work constrain support rate

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Why does Alberta have such a high separation rate? Ponting's Hypotheses: Structural & Other Strains on Marriages e.g., a) blast & bust economy ($ battles) b) abnormal state of family savagery c) high extent of transients leaves weaker social control by guardians & kin & perhaps to a lesser degree a social support netwk Ideological Factors a) Sexism of Alberta guys (see time utilize information) b) Individualism – high esteem set on c) Personal Autonomy – high esteem on d) U.S. Impact: appropriate to quest for joy e) Protestant Work Ethic (give up family) Facilitative Factors High female work constrain support rate (Click here) recommends that Alberta ladies have greater financial flexibility to leave a marriage.

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Family Formation (cont'd.): The Baby Boom as Measured by Number of Births in Alberta, 1946-2001 The Second 'Blast': Due to Echo & In-relocation, NOT expanded rates of fruitfulness. Source: Statistics Canada's CANSIM II database. Vector ________. CANSIM is an official sign of Statistics Canada.

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Figure 2.4: Crude Birth Rate for Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Canada, 1921-99

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Family Formation (cont'd.): The Baby Boom in Alberta Measured by Total Fertility Rate Note that the prior watched increment in number of births in 1980s is NOT because of expanded richness rates . Take note of that Alta. Ripeness rate now beneath substitution.

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Indicators ( a ) & Counter-Indicators ( x ) of Traditionalism in the Family x Divorce Rate (high: see past information) x Women's Labor Force Participation (high) Click here for diagram Same-sex Partnerships Attitudes a - Re: Importance Of Marriage: Albertans are more trad'l than Cdns x - Re: Importance of Lasting Couple Relnshp Is significantly more essential than marriage for both Albertans & Cdns Sex-Role Stereotyping in Time Use in: a - Household Chores (both companions utilized) Yes; Alta. ladies invest about twice as much energy in this as Alta men. a - Child Care Yes; Alta. Ladies spend signif. more time at this than do their partners X - On both tyke care and family unit errands, Alta utilized ladies invest less energy than do utilized ladies in other countries.

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Importance of Marriage and of a Lasting Relationship As a Couple (SOURCE: GSS 1995) A L B E R T A C A N A D A Total Men Women Total Men Women (Cell passages are rates) Importance of Being Married "With the end goal for YOU to be upbeat in life, is it critical, vital, not vital or not in any manner vital … a) To be hitched?" Asked of all respondents. Very Important 39 38 40 36 35 Important 38 39 36 35 38 33 Not Very 21 20 21 25 22 28 Not at All 3 3 4 4 5 Importance of Having a Lasting Relationship b) To have an enduring relationship as a couple?" Asked of all Rs. Extremely Important 59 59 58 59 Important 33 32 33 35 37 34 Not Very 7 8 7 6 4 7 Not at All 1 1

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Time Use: Alta. in Comparative Perspective (Hrs/Day) Courtesy of Dr. A. Gauthier. Information indicated are normal hours every day, computed over a 7 day week for wedded or co-habiting grown-ups, age 18-49, with no less than one kid home under age 18. Survey HOUS CCARE CIVIC FREE PERS N cases Employed Men CAN98 2.0 1.1 0.1 4.4 9.1 567 ALB98 1.8 1.0 0.2 4.1 9.0 81 NET95 1.9 0.8 0.1 4.8 9.7 247 UK95 1.5 1.0 0.1 5.4 9.0 107 AUS92 1.9 0.8 0.1 4.7 9.6 870 SWE91 2.5 1.0 0.1 4.1 9.7 601 GER92 2.2 0.7 0.2 4.4 9.7 2174 OST92 1.5 0.6 0.1 4.3 10.3 1261 Employed Women CAN98 3.5 1.4 0.1 3.9 9.6 429 ALB98 3.4 1.3 0.1 4.2 9.8 47 NET95 4.1 1.5 0.1 5.1 10.5 241 UK95 3.7 1.9 0.2 4.4 9.8 97 US98 3.9 1.7 0.1 3.0 10.1 94 AUS9 4.5 2.2 0.1 4.5 9.8 733 SWE91 4.1 1.7 0.2 3.9 10.0 670 GER92 4.1 1.2 0.1 4.0 10.1 1908 OST92 4.6 1.4 0.0 3.3 10.4 772 Non-utilized ladies CAN98 5.0 2.9 0.2 5.1 10.0 418 ALB98 4.9 3.4 0.2 4.9 9.8 54 NET95 5.3 1.7 0.3 5.8 10.7 176 UK95 4.4 2.9 0.3 5.4 10.7 60 US98 5.0 2.8 0.0 5.0 11.1 29 AUS92 5.0 3.1 0.0 5.4 10.3 625 SWE91 5.1 4.2 0.1 3.9 10.2 225 GER92 5.7 2.7 0.2 4.8 10.3 1188 OST92 6.1 2.7 0.0 4.0 10.8 975

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In the past table, Note that for both tyke care and family unit errands, utilized Alberta men spend: signif. less time than utilized Alberta ladies less time than utilized Canadian men less time than their Swedish and even German counterparts

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Satisfaction and Emotional Ties Within Families: Indicators In Conjugal Relationships -Happiness in the Relnshp -Frequency of Laughing Together with Partner Cross-Generationally -Closeness to Parents When Growing Up -Frequency of Contact with Parents In Last 12 Months

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Familial Happiness: Indicators On the following slide, note: Degree of Self-Reported Happiness in the Relationship - Vast lion's share are extremely cheerful (Cda & Alta) -Alta. Ladies are especially upbeat in their relationships -Happiness crevice betw. M & W is more noteworthy in Alberta than in Cda Frequency of Laughing Together - Vast dominant part giggle together day by day (Cda & Alta) -Albertans (esp. men) are more joyful than Cdns as a whole.

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Happiness in the Conjugal Relationship, 1995 "By and large, would you say that your relationship is … ?" Asked of all people who are hitched (not isolated), living customary law, or living in a same-sex organization. ALBERTA CANADA Total Men Women Total Men Women Very Happy 76 72 80 74 75 73 Fairly Happy 22 26 18 24 25 Not excessively cheerful 2 1 2 2 3 NOTE: Alberta's hitched couples (78%) are a great deal more probable than customary law couples (63%) to report themselves to be "Exceptionally Happy".

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Frequency of Laughing Together With Spouse/Partner "About how regularly do you and your (life partner/accomplice) snicker together? Is it..." Asked of all people who were asked the bliss address above. ALBERTA CANADA Tot. Men Wom. Tot. Men Wom. Practically Every Day