Annihilation of the Aral Sea Uzbekistan Created by: Michael Jolitz Geography 308 Russia and Eastern Europe Professor Zo

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Area. . http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/swlwpnr/reports/y_nr/z_uz/uz_style/uzflag.gif. Water. The Amu Darya, in the west, and the Syr Darya, in the eastTheir 600 tributaries take source in the Tien Shan and the Alai good countries. They encourage conduits on their way to the Aral Sea. The waterways miss the mark regarding nourishing the Sea appropriately to manage it.The desert has recovered a decent parcel of the Aral Sea and t

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Demolition of the Aral Sea Uzbekistan Created by: Michael Jolitz Geography 308 Russia and Eastern Europe Professor Zoltan Grossman University of Wisconsin Eau Claire

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Location http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/swlwpnr/reports/y_nr/z_uz/uz_style/uzflag.gif

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Water Syr Darya The Amu Darya, in the west, and the Syr Darya, in the east Their 600 tributaries take source in the Tien Shan and the Alai good countries. They nourish conduits on their way to the Aral Sea. The waterways miss the mark concerning bolstering the Sea legitimately to support it. The forsake has recovered a decent segment of the Aral Sea and the rest battles to survive. Amu Darya http://www.panos.org.uk/pictures/highlights/0303water.jpg

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Rivers http://freenet.kg/display/irmela/Thumbs/Thumb_IMG0002.jpg Syr Darya Tributaries http://www.nimbus.it/liguria/rlm03/primo_piano/pictures/Amu%20Darya%20River.jpg http://www.astronautix.com/illustrations/s/syrdarya.jpg Syr Darya Amu Darya The Syr Darya is shaped by the conversion of the Naryn and Qoradaryo streams in the eastern Ferghana Valley With a length of 1,374 miles - 1,876 miles including the Naryn—the Syr Darya is the longest waterway in Central Asia The Amu Darya is framed by the intersection of the Vakhsh and Pandj streams, which ascend in the Pamir Mts. of focal Asia. Its length is 1,600 miles in length

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Water and Pollution Once the 4 th greatest inland ocean on the planet 53 Meters above ocean level Evaporation – 60 square Kilometers of water every year Environmental calamity Large Controversy Boron Pollution Phenol Pollution http://enrin.grida.no/aral/aralsea/english/pictures/graph/kaz/a_stat01.gif http://enrin.grida.no/htmls/uzbek/env2001/content/soe/english/maps/places3.gif

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Agriculture Upstream water system for the developing of rice and cotton devoured over 90% of the normal stream of water from the Tien Shan mountains. Ocean Surface declined 27,000 square kilometers of previous ocean floor got to be distinctly dry surface 60% of water volume was lost Simple Irrigation System

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Cotton Harvest, Uzbekistan Major Uzbekistan Crop since Soviet period Intense Agriculture Pesticides Intense Irrigation Fertilizers http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/pictures/pho/t002/T002695A.jpg http://enrin.grida.no/aral/aralsea/english/pictures/chart/taj/v_stat21.gif http://www.pbs.org/journeytoplanetearth/trust/uzbekistan.html

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Production http://www.aralfood.com/pictures/prod.jpg http://www.fas.usda.gov/cotton/round/1997/97-08/cover/uzbek.gif flourishing condition until the 1960's broad water system plans set up River water occupied from Tien Shan Mountains, Would ordinarily have streamed into the Aral ocean Huge measures of this redirected water lay as stale pools crosswise over incomprehensible, seriously oversaw cotton and rice fields. Accordingly the Aral has now lost over 60% of its water.

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Rice South of the Aral Sea Rice Paddy Fields are appeared by the square boxes This fields have a high water parcel. – appeared via Landsat Image There are additionally counterfeit angling lakes. Generally filled in early spring permits the angling business to survive. http://www.dfd.dlr.de/application/arrive/aralsee/landsat_mss.html

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Livelihood Once a bustling delivery exchange between its northern port of Aralsk and the waterway ports of the Amu-Darya, some as far off as Tajikistan Aralsk is presently landlocked around 100 km from the water. It, as Muynak has angling water crafts sitting between a rock and a hard place on what was at one time the base of the Aral Sea.

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Abandoned Ships

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The Changing Aral

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Life "blood" Once plentiful fish assets Once gave a vocation to a few hundred thousand individuals. Individuals living around those channels and utilizing those conduits now relies on upon their reality - the very presence that sucks the life "blood" of the Aral.

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Fishing Industry 20 types of Fish depended on three types of fishes: bream, sazan, Aral insect (vobla). An exceptionally significant fish - Aral barbal and white-eye were gotten in the Aral Sea. Situated in beach front regions and streams mouths. Yearly getting was 300-400 thousand centners (220.46 lbs) of fish. Angle Catching in the Aral Sea (tons)

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Fish Bream Sazan Aral insect (vobla).

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Wastes Shrinking consistently, adding to the desertification of the lakebed Contamination of the district by uncovering DDT, compound pesticides, and common salts. Unsafe materials that are strewn about by wind, not just defile the natural pecking order, water, and air yet cause innumerable human wellbeing issue. Various covered atomic waste handling and compound weapons locales that harm the dirt.

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Salinity has expanded from 10 grams/liter to 40-50 grams/liter from 1960 to close present. This is because of the absence of crisp water inflow Drinking water in the locale contains four circumstances more salt for every liter than the farthest point suggested by the World Health Organization

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This figure demonstrates territories where the earth in Uzbekistan and the encompassing regions have been seriously degradated. The effect of losing water has brought on serious salinization http://www.dfd.dlr.de/application/arrive/aralsee/salin.html

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Salt Pans The white substantial protest on the left fringe of the picture is a manufactured salt skillet. Release water, which is exceptionally debased by salt amassing, is redirected into such dish keeping in mind the end goal to abatement soil saltiness. From these skillet the water vanishes absolutely unused and makes salt hulls and olonchaks. Salt Pan http://www.goacom.com/goatoday/2003/oct/img/TarSaltpan2.jpg http://www.dfd.dlr.de/application/arrive/aralsee/landsat_tm.html

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Health cns.miis.edu/bars/dc/briefs/vozipres.htm TB, Throat growth Tuberculosis Many kids are conceived with imperfections. Typhoid, Paratyphoid Hepatitis polluted drinking water Intestinal malady Cancers Anemia Dystrophy Cholera Dysentery http://www.unesco.org/dispatch/2000_01/photographs/13.jpg The Aral Sea district has one of the world's most astounding rates of distorted or disabled kids http://cns.miis.edu/bars/dc/briefs/pictures/vos/vos6b.jpg

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Climate Effects Drier shorter summer Longer Colder Winters Growing Season now 170 Days Pasture Productivity declined by Half Higher Evaporation Rates

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Dust Storms More than 50 days of tempests a year 20-25 meters for each second www.nws.noaa.gov/om/handouts/duststrm.htm http://oemagazine.com

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Dust Aral Sea is situated along an intense air stream running from west to east. It adds to vaporized transference into upper layers and quick spread in the environment of the Earth. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/Images/ISS002-ESC-9147.jpg Dust Storm From Aral Region

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Effects of Dust Storms Reduces perceivability to not as much as a quarter mile. Respiratory afflictions, Asthma Erosion, Desertification, Crop Damage The disintegration slackens up debased dangerous soils. Disintegration

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Dust Traces of pesticides from the Aral district were found in the blood of penguins in the Antarctic Aral tidy has been found on Greenland's ice sheets Norway's woods Belarus' fields All arranged a great many kilometers far from Central Asia.

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Anthrax Vozrozhdeniya Island - New York Times Article "Renaissance Island" Anthrax Storage Facility During Gorbachev's glasnost and perestroika battle

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Vozrozhdeniya Island The island was once 77 square miles In 1999 770 Square miles Fear of Terrorism Yeltsin promised in 1992 to tidy up Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan have both freely requested US offer assistance.

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Radioactive Waste MAYLUU-SUU, Kyrgyzstan Outside the rusting, shut Izolit uranium-handling plant, 23 radioactive waste locales exist in the avalanche inclined slopes Could spill harm into the stream beneath and on to the most crowded district of Central Asia. Around 70 million cubic feet of tailings left from refining uranium metal amid the Soviet time are covered in this mountain valley along the Mayluu-Suu River. Fergana Valley, the district's farming heartland with 12 million occupants.

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Radioactive Waste In Kazakhstan, enormous mining and metallurgy buildings were fabricated They have never been modernized Intense nearby air contamination. In the west of Kyrgyzstan, radioactive waste from uranium plants is loaded without insurance and dangers contaminating the streams in neighboring Uzbekistan. These Eventually may come to the Aral Sea.

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Kazakhstan Coal Mound on Roadside Kazakhstan Factory

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Radioactive Waste Concentration of Radioactive Waste Storage in the Ferghana Valley Biological Waste Facility Shown in Aral Sea

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Neutralization of the Problem 1980's development of new vast inundated ranges prohibited Large scale water asset ventures presented 1993 – Crosspiece Divided Aral Sea and water from the Syrdarya was redirected over into one section. Vegetation began to recoup and saltiness diminished. It was demolished in 1999 A reference about the Aral Sea Disaster: local people around the Aral ocean joke that if everybody who'd come to study this calamity had brought a pail of water, the ocean would be full again at this point.

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Bibliography Aral Sea - http://enrin.grida.no/aral/aralsea/english/arsea/arsea.htm#8 http://www.dfd.dlr.de/application/arrive/aralsee/salin.html Earth Observatory Nasa - http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=4819 New York Times - http://www.phaster.com/honest/uzbekistan_anthrax.html Washington Times - http://www.washtimes.com/world/20040305-100450-8640r.htm The Water Page - http://www.thewaterpage.com/aral.htm Veggie Global - http://www.veggieglobal.com/ggl/joined oceans.htm http://www.britannica.com

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