AKS 34a: Explain the roots of Islam the development of the Islamic Empire

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AKS 34a: Explain the starting points of Islam & the development of the Islamic Empire

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1. Who are the Bedouins? Bedouin wanderers on the Arabian Peninsula. 2. What do the Bedouins esteem that turned out to be a piece of the Islamic lifestyle? Esteemed standards of strength & dependability to family, alongside their warrior aptitudes, would turn out to be a piece of the Islamic lifestyle.

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3. Who is Muhammad and clarify his initial life? Conceived in Mecca. Stranded at age of 6. When he was 25 he wedded a 40 year old businessperson named Khadijah. He would frequently ask & reflect alone in holes.

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4. What happened to Muhammad at age 40 and what did he start to instruct? While contemplating in a give in he heard the voice of the Angel Gabriel. Holy messenger Gabriel told Muhammad that he was an errand person of Allah. Muhammad acknowledged he was the last prophet. He started to show that Allah was the unrivaled God & that every other God ought to be surrendered.

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5. What do Islam & Muslim mean in Arabic? Islam signifies "accommodation to the will of Allah" Muslim signifies "one who has submitted"

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6. What is the Hijrah & why is it a defining moment for Muhammad? After a few of Muhammad's devotees were assaulted, he chose to leave Mecca & move to Yathrib {aka Medina}. It was a defining moment since it permitted him to end up a political, religious & military pioneer. Muhammad additionally picked up a great deal of supporters.

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7. At the point when did Muhammad &his devotees come back to Mecca? In 630, Muhammad & his supporters came back to Mecca to takeover the city. The pioneers of Mecca surrendered.

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8. What did most Meccans do upon his arrival? Swore their unwaveringness to Muhammad & numerous changed over to Islam.

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam?

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam? Confidence : Declaration that there is no God however Allah, and Muhammad is His prophet.

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam? Supplication: Five times each day {morning, twelve, mid-evening, nightfall, & evening} confronting Mecca

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam? Charity: Muslims have a social duty to offer cash to poor people

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam? Fasting: Muslims quick amid the month of Ramadan from first light to sunset. The thought is to demonstrate that otherworldly needs are more noteworthy than physical needs.

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9. What are the convictions & practices of Islam? Journey: All Muslims who are physically and fiscally capable make a journey to Mecca at any rate once in their lives.

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10. Who is the first wellspring of power for Muslims & what does this word mean? Allah. "God".

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11. What is the blessed book of Islam called? Qur'an. Written in Arabic. Just the Arabic interpretation can be utilized amid love. This spread the message of Muhammad.

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12. Who was Muhammad's successor, what is his title, & how could he have been able to he spread Islam? Muhammad passed on in 632. He named no successor or directions on the best way to pick his successor. Abu Bakr was chosen as the principal caliph. Caliph signifies "successor". To spare the Islamic Faith, he summoned the jihad.

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13. What is the jihad? Jihad signifies "endeavoring". The inward battle against shrewdness. Qur'an says the Jihad implies a furnished battle against unbelievers. Abu Bakr connected this importance of jihad to energize and legitimize the development of Islam.

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14. Why did the four "properly guided" caliphs prevail with regards to spreading Islam? Abu Bakr – 1 st Rightly Guided Caliph Applied the Qur'an significance of jihad to energize and legitimize the development of Islam.

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14. Why did the four "appropriately guided" caliphs prevail with regards to spreading Islam? Umar – 2 nd Rightly Guided Caliph Muslim armed forces vanquished Syria & bring down Egypt, parts of the Sassanid Empire.

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14. Why did the four "properly guided" caliphs prevail with regards to spreading Islam? Uthman – 3 rd Rightly Guided Caliph Continued to grow Muslim regions.

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14. Why did the four "properly guided" caliphs prevail with regards to spreading Islam? Ali – 4 th Rightly Guided Caliph Continued to grow Muslim regions.

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AKS 34c – Explain the purposes behind the split between Sunni & Shi'a Muslims

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1. What happened in 656 and who were the two individuals asserting to be the rulers? 656 – Uthman was killed. This began a common war. Ali – the 4 th Rightly Guided Caliph – was the normal decision as a successor to Uthman. Ali was Muhammad's cousin & child in-law. Muawiya, a representative from Syria, tested Ali's entitlement to run the show. 661 – Ali was killed.

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2. Who were the Umayyads? The Umayyads took control after Ali was killed. Moved capital from Mecca to Damascus. Carried on with an existence of extravagance, rather than basic life.

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3. Clarify the split, in detail, between the Shi'a & Sunni? The larger part of Muslims upheld the Umayyads' run the show. . . . A little gathering opposed it.

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Fill in the accompanying outline: BASIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUNNI & SHI'A MUSLIMS SUNNI SHI'A Believe that the initial four caliphs were "rightly guided" Believe Ali, Muhammad's child in-law, ought to have succedded Muhammad. Trust that Muslims rulers ought to take after the Sunna, or Muhammad's illustration. Trust that every single Muslim ruler ought to be plummeted from Muhammad. Guarantee that the Shi'a have contorted the importance of different sections in the Qur'an. Guarantee that the Sunni have misshaped the importance of different sections in the Qur'an.

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Shi'a 16% Sunni 83% Other 1%

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AKS 34d: Identify the commitments of Islamic researchers in culture, developments, and the safeguarding of Classical information to include: prescription (Ibn Sina), topography (Ibn Battuta), starting points, and the fundamental occupants of Islam.

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1. What three reasons do the Muslims have for supporting science? Rulers needed qualified doctors treating them. Individuals expected to realize what time to ask and the course of Mecca. Profound situated interest about the world and a journey for truth.

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2. What are the commitments of Muslims to space science? Armillary circle Used to ascertain time & date for supplication. Considered circles. Mapped the stars.

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3. What is the standard for Arabic writing? The Qur'an

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4. Amid the Abbasid caliphate, what did writing incorporate? Give a case of prevalent writing and clarify the piece. Included verse about nature and the delights of life and love Literature incorporated The Thousand and One Nights , an accumulation of tall tales, stories, and legends.

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5. Clarify the accompanying sorts of Muslim Art: Calligraphy: The specialty of wonderful penmanship Images of living creatures were disheartened in light of the fact that Muslims trust that no one but Allah can make life

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5. Clarify the accompanying sorts of Muslim Art: Geometric Patterns: It utilizes complicated examples that commonly transmit out from the focal shape

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5. Clarify the accompanying sorts of Muslim Art: Arabesque: An unpredictable, fancy outline that more often than not fuses blooms, leaves, and geometric examples.

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6. Why did Muslim craftsmen express their innovativeness along these lines? Muslim pioneers expected that individuals may start revering the pictures as opposed to Allah.

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7. What advances were made in solution? Ibn Sina Primary Source.

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7. What advances were made in prescription? Al-Razi: Wrote a therapeutic reference book He additionally composed a treatise on smallpox and measles, where he trusted individuals would recoup all the more rapidly on the off chance that they inhaled cleaner air.

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8. What did Muslim researchers accept about math? They trusted that arithmetic was the premise of all learning.

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9. What branch of math did the Muslims make and who made it? Variable based math, made by Al-Khwarizmi

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10. Who is Ibn Battuta, where did he visit, and what did he realize?

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10. Who is Ibn Battuta, where did he visit, and what did he realize? A voyager and history specialist Visited the greater part of the nations in the Islamic world. He learned he could go without dread of wrongdoing and lauded individuals for their investigation of the Qur'an, however censured them for not entirely rehearsing Islam's ethical code.

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- Homework - Complete AKS 34e & AKS 34f for tomorrow!!!

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