African Institutes of Science Technology

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African Institutes of Science & Technology Wole Soboyejo Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Princeton University

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The Historical Context of S&T in Africa except for Africa it has for some time been perceived that world class science and innovation are the genuine motors of monetary development and improvement ( esteem expansion to individuals & normal assets ) e.g. IIT, MIT This has been accomplished in Europe, North America, Australia and most as of late Asia… .. Be that as it may, conversely Sub-Saharan Africa has 83 researchers and architects for every million individuals contrasted with around 1000 in the created world So why not Africa?.......and How?

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The AISTs: From Concept to Reality… The possibility of the AIST rose up out of a discussion between Jim Wolfensohn and Nelson Mandela… .. Nelson reacted by proposing a planned exertion in African Science and innovation World bank idea paper created in 2002 Support of every African Head of State in 2005 ISAB and ASC shaped in 2005 (Academic) AIST dispatch in Abuja, Nigeria, in January 2006 AIST-Burkina and AIST-Arusha arranges rise First admission of understudies at AIST-Abuja in 2007...

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AIST's Vision and Philosophy AIST Vision … . to cultivate sub-Saharan Africa's financial development and improvement through the advancement of magnificence in science and designing and their applications… .with the view to supplement and reinforce national organizations and system with existing foundations/bunches AIST Philosophy and Approach - … Pan-African establishment with an attention on African issues e.g. water, nourishment, foundation, environment and esteem expansion Dedication to perfection in learning, instructing, and explore (cut down boundaries and evacuate storehouses) Emphasize cross-disciplinary ways to deal with comprehension issues and taking care of issues Be free, justify based and practical (enrichment model is the long haul objective)

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The AIST Flower Model The first model was to set up 4 autonomous AIST grounds in Sub-Saharan Africa However, it soon turned out to be obvious that solid associations were required with existing establishments and the AIST grounds to advance cooperative energy (win-win) Hence another model of the AISTs has risen with the AISTs as Regional hubs of brilliance that interface with existing colleges and organizations World class situations that give shared assets to inquire about, computerized libraries & training Catalysts for the improvement of a minimum amount of profoundly gifted future pioneers Centers of magnificence that can make new industry while being connected to neighborhood/worldwide industry and development center points

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The Pan-African AIST Flower Model Nigeria AIST grounds in Abuja Burkina Faso Center for water and natural designing Tanzania AIST grounds in Arusha Nigeria Center for seaward petroleum building (G2i) South Africa Center for connected arithmetic (joining forces with the current African Institute for Mathematical Sciences)

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Towards an Integrated African Research and Education Agenda The AISTs will expand on existing African systems and African/universal activities They will incorporate existing African systems & global activities synergistically Modeling & ICT – AMMSI + AIMS + HPC (Ogana, Turok, Reddy) Earth sciences and petroleum designing – AESEDA (Adewumi, Osseo-Asare) African materials arrange + USAMI + NNI (Tesha, Soboyejo, Adewoye, Beye, Marei, Zimba, Gudyanga, Buschweishaija and so forth) African Laser Center – (Beye, Fasasi) Water designing - EIER-ETSHER (Ginies, Maiga, Egeibor) CODESRIA – Social sciences organize

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Strategy For Research and Innovation Integrate the exercises of rising examination systems into frameworks based interdisciplinary structure with an emphasis on African issues and worldwide open doors Manage subsidizing that draws in AIST hubs and teaming up organizations in incorporated R&D and development with worldwide accomplices Provide financing for Visiting and Permanent Faculty and Students to work in center regions Visiting colleagues, post-docs, graduate understudies from other African colleges and organizations Visitors from the universal group past Africa and trade visits from AIST+partners Core personnel and staff will facilitate interdisciplinary projects from thoughts to business sectors

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Systems-Based Interdisciplinary R&D By Visiting and Permanent Faculty/Students Nanotechnology and The New Frontiers Targeting of malady Agriculture Water decontamination Energy Telecommunications Societal Development Affordable framework e.g. reusing of rural & modern waste Value expansion to minerals and normal items (Africa's silicon)

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Strategy for Implementation Work with the administration, business, improvement accomplices (The World Bank/African Development Bank) to build up the underlying grounds/focuses in Abuja, Arusha and Burkina Faso Ensure that the main grounds and focuses of incredibleness are autonomous, fiscally reasonable, and practical Focus tirelessly on the key elements for achievement: Academic flexibility and the quest for magnificence A thorough and free understudy confirmations handle Attraction of world-class workforce and authority Strong linkages to industry

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Proposed Initial Programs at AIST-Abuja Focus at first on graduate projects + post-doctoral research/going to residencies (begin little and become painstakingly… ) Design programs that permit the best educators from Africa and the diaspora to come to instruct without leaving their employments + few key lasting staff Create a situation that works for everybody Initiate interdisciplinary research and training with fixations in Petroleum and gas designing ICT and connected science Materials Biotechnology Water and natural building

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A Hybrid Approach to Education The understudies will consolidate their majors with a Diploma of The AIST Students will take courses in ranges that will give them an adjusted arrangement forever The proposed territories incorporate Ethics and logic Management, financial matters and fund Language and culture Intellectual property and open approach Global innovation and advancement

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Where We Are With The Academic Program? The initial few personnel are being enrolled for these projects (around 30-40 distinguished so far for AIST-Abuja) The educational modules has been created (Prof. Nosa Egeibor) Petroleum and gas designing Water and natural building Mathematics and ICT Materials Programs and ideas being produced for Biotechnology (Prof. Haile Debas) Management & open approach (Prof. Lamine Sagne)

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Nelson Mandela Institution Board of Directors Reporting Lines of exhortation AIST Board f Directors AIST-Abuja Board of Trustees AIST-#2 Board of Trustees AIST-#4 Board of Trustees … International Scientific Advisory Board AIST-Abuja President AIST-Abuja Provost AIST-Abuja CFO AIST-Abuja VP (Admin.) AIST-Abuja VP (Students) African Scientific Committee Deans of Schools Governance and Organization

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Academic Quality Control and Advice – International Scientific Advisory Board The logical admonitory board (9 individuals) Prof. Phillip Griffiths (IAS, seat) Prof. Mohamed Hassan (AAS & TWAS) Prof. C. N. R. Rao (TWAS & J. Nehru Center) Prof. Jacob Palis (Inst. of Appl. & Pure Math.) Prof. Anthony Cheetham (Int. Penny. Mater.,UCSB) Prof. Hans Wigzell (Scientific Adviser, Swedish Govt.) Prof. Ashok Misra (IIT, Bombay) Prof. Yongxiang Lu (Chinese Academy of Sciences) Prof. Wole Soboyejo (ASC, Princeton University)

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Academic Vision and Implementation - The African Scientific Committee The African Scientific Committee (ASC) comprises of 2 gatherings Members situated in Africa Members situated in the diaspora 32 fields are spoken to – with every field having no less than 2 specialists (1 in Africa and 1 in the diaspora) The fields run from the sociologies/humanities to common/connected sciences and designing Chair – Wole Soboyejo Secretary – Arlen Hastings (ISAB/ASC)

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Ongoing Implementation Activities Short courses & International Workshops in 2007/2008 US/Africa Workshop on Frontiers in Materials Research and Education – Adewoye and Soboyejo Water and natural building Petroleum and gas ICT and displaying Biotechnology Research arrangements and top notch foundation being created for starting projects First class at AIST Abuja will start in September 2007 - little graduate class of 50 understudies AIST Tanzania and Burkina to take after soon a short time later – land is as of now distributed and plans are being produced Prof. Burton Mwamilla (AIST-Arusha) Prof. Amadou Maiga (AIST-Burkina)

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Links to Industry The AISTs are being connected to industry to guarantee: Curriculum is applicable to bosses e.g. oil & gas, IT and so on Funding and grant openings are boosted Students have important temporary position and work openings Industry and government pioneers can rouse the future era These linkages will happen through: Industry specialists sitting on sheets and oversight boards of trustees Faculty impetuses to create/keep up industry associations for financing of grants, research, labs, classrooms A professions office for summer entry level position and work situation Guest lectureships and aide personnel programs for industry and government pioneers Linkages to development center points e.g. Abuja Technology Village Can imagine "Silicon Valleys" e.g. Arusha connected to AISTs

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Summary and Concluding Remarks This discussion shows a rundown of the AIST vision an impetus that will fortify the improvement of a minimum amount of exceedingly gifted S&T workforce undergrad/graduate training + explore/development connected to business & industry The AISTs will work intimately with the current colleges and the internati