Administration, Local Government and Civil Society

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Neighborhood Government and Civil Society: THE PROBLEM . Models of Social Services Systems:The Context of Privatization and Contracting. Outline: Concepts-New Public Management Principles. A. Re-developing GovernmentB. SubsidiarityC. PrivatizationD. Contracting Out E. Social Services.

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PIA 2528 Governance, Local Government and Civil Society

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Reminder-Paper Requirements Individual research paper and Panel Presentation - 30% of Grade; Basis of Paper-Individual Work Plans yet might be supplemented by other perusing Next week-Be ready to present and hand over a 1-2 passage paper proposition

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Privatization and Contracting Out A Survey of the Literature-Continued (Review and Reminder)

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Local Government and Civil Society: THE PROBLEM Review of Systems Factors Models of Social Services Systems: The Context of Privatization and Contracting

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Overview: New Public Management Principles-Focus on Service Delivery Privatization Contracting Out

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New Public Management Principles-Continued Subsidiarity Anti-Corruption Measures Re-creating Government

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Definitions Privatization-The Private Provision of Services Contracting Out-The Means of Delivery

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Literature Madsen Pirie, Dismantling the State: The Theory and Practice of Privatization (Dallas, TX: National Center for Policy Analysis, 1986). E.S. Savas, Privatization: The Key to Better Government (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1987).

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Literature Gabriel Roth, The Private Provision of Public Services in Developing Countries (Washington, D.C.: World Bank and Oxford University Press, 1987).

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Private Provision—Contracting Choices: Gabriel Roth Private Sector Controversies Indigenous versus Outside (or Pariah) Contracting versus Gifts Sub-contracting and sub-awards: Blurring the lines Making the Choice

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Private Provision—Contracting Choices-Continued Contracting and Non-benefits Issues of benefit and appropriations Debates about exchange costs and benefits Cost recuperation versus endowments

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Reasons Given for Privatization a. High Production costs b. Low levels of productivity c. Featherbedded work costs d. Pork Barrel Capital Allocations (The Bridge to Nowhere)

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Reasons Given for Privatization-2 e. Low level buyer input f. Poor Maintenance and loss of administration g. Powerlessness of political pioneers to force cost control h. Free Riders Problem

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Criticism of Privatization a. Private division and NGOs are not really more viable and proficient than government offices (Paul Nelson) b. Loss of Coverage for social administrations (Rule of Structural Adjustment)

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Criticisms of Privatization c. Can imitate private area inside government (This is the center of Reinventing Government contention Osborne and Gabler) d. Need to manage Corruption

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Coffee Break Fifteen Minutes

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Literature Robert Klitgaard, Controlling Corruption (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988). David Osborne and Ted Gaebler, Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit is Transforming the Public Sector (New York: Plume Books, 1992).

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Reinventing Government: David Osborne and Ted Gaebler 1. Directing Rather Than Rowing (restricted contracting)- Weberian Bureaucracy: Bankrupt? 2. Client Driven Government 3. Rivalry inside Government and amongst units and Entrepreneurial Government

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Reinventing Government, Cont. 4. Gaining and additionally spending- - charging expenses and offering products and ventures 5. Key is decentralization not privatization 6. Third part versus Private area Use of Non-administrative associations instead of Privatization

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Reinventing Government: David Osborne and Ted Gaebler, Cont. 7. Group Based Government Subsidiarity 8. Individuals as nationals or shoppers Is there a distinction? TQM—add on to purchasers 9. Government offices contend with themselves

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Reinventing Government: David Osborne and Ted Gaebler, Cont. 10. Mission versus Rules based government: NASA and the Moon—Output based government 11. Incremental versus Zero Based (or focused on) spending plans 12. Decentralization The Circle Rounds

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Corruption Debates Privatization upgrades debasement. Upgraded by social contrasts (Gifts versus Kickbacks; defilement as campaigning the Executive-Robert Klitgaard)

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Corruption—the Real Problem? Robert Klitgaard Corruption as practical and social? Reasons for defilement Poverty versus ethnicity

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Corruption, Cont. The Ethical Issues in a general public of neediness Obligation to family versus commitment to society The starving youngsters issue Are there advantages from debasement? Completing things implies paying for it

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Corruption—the Real Problem? Robert Klitgaard "Lease Seeking" Charges higher than market value Corruption Too much government or an excessive amount of privatization

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Corruption—the Real Problem? Robert Klitgaard Corruption: Graft Bribery Nepotism Kickbacks Insider offering (wired) Can and ought to defilement be controlled?

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Group Discussions: Africa Bastian and Luckham-Governance Structures Manning-The Francophone Touch Berger-On Africa Picard Stuff

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Discussion-Caribbean and Latin America Nickson-Local Governance Wunch and Olowu-The decrease of the State Clayton-Service Delivery Issues Picard Stuff

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Discussion-East and South Asia Cheema and Rondinelli Richard Reeves-Peshawar and 9/11 Goodwin and Nacht Picard Stuff

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Discussion-East and South East Asia Stanley Karnow: Vietnam and the Philippines Bhatt, Decentralization Harrison and Huntington-Culture Picard Stuff

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Summary Discussion Where are we now? What don't we know?