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Synthetic Engineering and Chemistry: Education in a changing World Jetse C. Reijenga "Methodology of Teaching Experimental Chemistry" Dept. Concoction Engineering and Chemistry Eindhoven University of Technology The Netherlands for University of Belgrade, December 2005

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9 Depts, 10 (3-year) Bachelor programs 19 (2-year) Master programs (English) Chem Eng & Chemistry: 20 profs, 75 inquire about staff 50 postdocs 200 bolster staff 500 understudies, 150 PhD Eindhoven University of Technology (established 1956)

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Contents Some Trends in Science, Research, Industry Changing Demands on Education Topic 1: Multi Disciplinary Projects Topic 2: Experiment Simulations Chemical building illustration Chemistry cases Conclusions Discussion

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Trends in Science and Engineering Source:

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Citations Explosion Source: Chemical Abstracts Service

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From Generalists to super Specialists Source: Derek Price (1986) refered to on

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Trends in Research and Communication Increased mindfulness for mechanical application Computation: expanded displaying capacities Paper  electronic diaries Explosion of number of particular diaries Search motors Letters  messages Local  worldwide offices Local  disconnected or continuous long-separate participation

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Trends in Employment and Industry Mono  Multi Disciplinarity Individual  Team work Boundaries vanish: worldwide organizations, EU extension Employment of Chemical Engineers in the USA versus PhD year Source: E.L. Cussler and J. Wei, A.I.Ch.E. Diary, 2003, 49(5), 1072-1075

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From the old worldview… .. Source: C. Moore (Pfizer R&D), AIChE Process Development Symposium (June 2003)

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.… .to the new worldview Source: C. Moore (Pfizer R&D), AIChE Process Development Symposium (June 2003)

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Changing Demands in Education Facts  learning, abilities where to get & how to choose data Skills  capabilities, encounter Skills identified with utilization of Information Technology Isolated cases  coordinated approach Guided practice  issue arranged approach Passive  dynamic instructive setting Individual  collaboration Mono-disciplinary  multi-disciplinary groups Internationalization: ace projects in English Multi social angles "Final" exam and confirmation  long lasting learning Sources: Industrial contacts and graduated class reviews

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Educational Settings Lectures (individual) Instructions (individual) Guided self-study (individual) Exams (composed & oral) (individual) Term paper (individual) Research assignments (individual) Industrial internship (individual*) Practicals (2 students*) Real gathering work (4-8 understudies) Source:

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Increased Emphasis on Group Work

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Multi-disciplinary Project Work - objectives C ooperate in a group with understudies with various specialization D eal with handy issues (issue definition and examination) C ombine existing specialized learning L ocate and get new data I ndependently join non-specialized perspectives (any… ) P roject work ( arranging, staging, observing advancement, costs … ) C ommunicative & between social viewpoints unit has 8 ECTS credit focuses amid 1 semester in Master Source: and

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Multi-disciplinary Project Work - setup A multi-disciplinary study is proposed by a Client is an organization official or college teacher The study can be: Literature consider Feasability think about Scenario contemplate Prototype outline The gathering procedure is checked by a Tutor is a PhD understudy at the Department The evaluating identifies with the venture result additionally to gathering process Group conveys extend arrange, 2 presentations, 2 reports, site So urce: J.C. Reijenga, L.J. Asselbergs, Inter disciplinary Cooperation in Engineering Science Education , in sixth International Conference on Education, Athens (2004)

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Multi-disciplinary Project Work - illustrations another kind of oxinitride glass was created: examine future zones of use The contamination of crisp water by the Bengali cowhide and material industry - No Time To Waste Design a pipeless clump plant for emulsion polymerization Make a stock of supportability of photographic methods in authentic setting Design, build and test an icebox on sunlight based cells (this was a digital participation with NUS understudies) Source: extend sites on

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International collaboration J.C. Reijenga, H. Siepe, L.E. Yu, C.- H. Wang, Chem. Eng. Educ. 37(2), 14-19 (2003)

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Experiment Simulations Experiments Bridging the Gaps… … Theoretical Concepts Multi disciplinary Projects Industrial Internships Real Life Situation

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Experiments or… … ..? Examinations: Are costly Can fizzle (are not generally understudy verification… .) Are tedious Require wellbeing insurances and chemicals Are confined to particular research center hours & areas BAD thought: supplant all investigations with reenactments BETTER thought: reproductions as planning for genuine tests

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"equipment" Theoretical model Equipment parameters Data Simulations - purposes Making the black box … .. straightforward Visualize hypothetical concepts Animate forms Sources: and H. McNair, Basic Liquid Chromatography,

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demonstration classroom educating down to earth preparing in (dry) lab as step towards enhancement Simulations - applications

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You get more understudies and less spending plan, what do you do Simulation - Chem. Designing case 3-stage clump response Glucose in water is oxidized at consistent pH, temperature, utilizing a Pd/C impetus and oxygen from air in a 1 liter CSTR Conversion is observed utilizing robotized titration with NaOH half change normally 1 hour (… … holding up time) Equipment regularly costs 10000 euro Interesting parameters: temperature, pH, starting focus, blending speed, wind stream (O 2/N 2 proportion) and the sum and kind of impetus (e.g. strong circles, absolutely permeable)

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Source: J.C. Reijenga, unpublished results (1994)

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Simulation - Chemistry illustration Virtual lab of expository detachment procedures Database Source:

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Source: J.C. Reijen ga, J. Chromatogr ., 1991, 588 , 217-224 title

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Source: J.C. Reijenga, E. Kenndler, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 659 , 403-415 and 417-426 title

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Source: J.C. Reijenga, and M. Hutta, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 709 , 21-29

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Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 47-54 title

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HPLC test system specs #1 UV 200 - 400 nm & RI 75 test segments 0 - 65 o C Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A 903 (2000) 41-48

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HPLC test system specs #2 5 - 500 mm 1 - 10 mm 1 - 25 µm MeOH ACN Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A 903 (2000) 41-48

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HPLC test system augmentations Lichrospher100 RP18 5µm Lichrospher100 CN 5µm Spherisorb ODS-2 5µm Aluspher100 RPSelectB 5µm TSKgel Super ODS ChromolithPerformance RP C18e 3 (4) parameter show Valid 5 - 90% source: ChromSword Source: J.C. Reijenga and M. Hutta, J. Sep. Science, submitted october 2005

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HPLC test system, run of the mill yield

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HPLC test system, show alternatives

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Monolithic segment 150 mm, half ACN, temperature 65  0 °C

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Conventional segment, 150 mm, 35 °C, molecule width 1  10 µm

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ProteinLab warm treatment gel filtration ammonium Sulfate fractionation particle trade chromatography hydrophobic collaboration chromatography preparative isoelectric centering fondness chromatography 1D and 2D PAGE for immaculateness check Source:

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see the progression of detachment… … Simulations - from large scale to small scale as such: reenactment of locator flags as definite result zoom in on time scale - from minutes to milliseconds zoom in on separation scale: from meters to millimeters (amid partition in section) from millimeters to micrometers (limit layer impacts) from micrometers to nanomaters (atomic level points of interest) Source:

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CZE/ITP Source:

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Simul 4.0 Source: B. Gas (Prague) on

Slide 40 Conclusions Group work conquers any hindrance Theory - Real Life Situation chip away at relational abilities Simulations help crossing over any barrier Theory - Experiments take a shot at data innovation aptitudes Points for examination The world changes, change with it! There's no change without exertion, time and cash! Risk or opportunity? Mammoth strides or little strides? Seclusion, rivalry or participation?

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Thank you