Slide1 l.jpg
1 / 41
943 days ago, 303 views
PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1

Synthetic Engineering and Chemistry: Education in a changing World Jetse C. Reijenga "Methodology of Teaching Experimental Chemistry" Dept. Concoction Engineering and Chemistry Eindhoven University of Technology The Netherlands for University of Belgrade, December 2005

Slide 2

9 Depts, 10 (3-year) Bachelor programs 19 (2-year) Master programs (English) Chem Eng & Chemistry: 20 profs, 75 inquire about staff 50 postdocs 200 bolster staff 500 understudies, 150 PhD Eindhoven University of Technology (established 1956)

Slide 3

Contents Some Trends in Science, Research, Industry Changing Demands on Education Topic 1: Multi Disciplinary Projects Topic 2: Experiment Simulations Chemical building illustration Chemistry cases Conclusions Discussion

Slide 4

Trends in Science and Engineering Source:

Slide 5

Citations Explosion Source: Chemical Abstracts Service

Slide 6

From Generalists to super Specialists Source: Derek Price (1986) refered to on

Slide 7

Trends in Research and Communication Increased mindfulness for mechanical application Computation: expanded displaying capacities Paper  electronic diaries Explosion of number of particular diaries Search motors Letters  messages Local  worldwide offices Local  disconnected or continuous long-separate participation

Slide 8

Trends in Employment and Industry Mono  Multi Disciplinarity Individual  Team work Boundaries vanish: worldwide organizations, EU extension Employment of Chemical Engineers in the USA versus PhD year Source: E.L. Cussler and J. Wei, A.I.Ch.E. Diary, 2003, 49(5), 1072-1075

Slide 9

From the old worldview… .. Source: C. Moore (Pfizer R&D), AIChE Process Development Symposium (June 2003)

Slide 10

.… .to the new worldview Source: C. Moore (Pfizer R&D), AIChE Process Development Symposium (June 2003)

Slide 11

Changing Demands in Education Facts  learning, abilities where to get & how to choose data Skills  capabilities, encounter Skills identified with utilization of Information Technology Isolated cases  coordinated approach Guided practice  issue arranged approach Passive  dynamic instructive setting Individual  collaboration Mono-disciplinary  multi-disciplinary groups Internationalization: ace projects in English Multi social angles "Final" exam and confirmation  long lasting learning Sources: Industrial contacts and graduated class reviews

Slide 12

Educational Settings Lectures (individual) Instructions (individual) Guided self-study (individual) Exams (composed & oral) (individual) Term paper (individual) Research assignments (individual) Industrial internship (individual*) Practicals (2 students*) Real gathering work (4-8 understudies) Source:

Slide 13

Increased Emphasis on Group Work

Slide 14

Multi-disciplinary Project Work - objectives C ooperate in a group with understudies with various specialization D eal with handy issues (issue definition and examination) C ombine existing specialized learning L ocate and get new data I ndependently join non-specialized perspectives (any… ) P roject work ( arranging, staging, observing advancement, costs … ) C ommunicative & between social viewpoints unit has 8 ECTS credit focuses amid 1 semester in Master Source: and

Slide 15

Multi-disciplinary Project Work - setup A multi-disciplinary study is proposed by a Client is an organization official or college teacher The study can be: Literature consider Feasability think about Scenario contemplate Prototype outline The gathering procedure is checked by a Tutor is a PhD understudy at the Department The evaluating identifies with the venture result additionally to gathering process Group conveys extend arrange, 2 presentations, 2 reports, site So urce: J.C. Reijenga, L.J. Asselbergs, Inter disciplinary Cooperation in Engineering Science Education , in sixth International Conference on Education, Athens (2004)

Slide 16

Multi-disciplinary Project Work - illustrations another kind of oxinitride glass was created: examine future zones of use The contamination of crisp water by the Bengali cowhide and material industry - No Time To Waste Design a pipeless clump plant for emulsion polymerization Make a stock of supportability of photographic methods in authentic setting Design, build and test an icebox on sunlight based cells (this was a digital participation with NUS understudies) Source: extend sites on

Slide 17

International collaboration J.C. Reijenga, H. Siepe, L.E. Yu, C.- H. Wang, Chem. Eng. Educ. 37(2), 14-19 (2003)

Slide 18

Experiment Simulations Experiments Bridging the Gaps… … Theoretical Concepts Multi disciplinary Projects Industrial Internships Real Life Situation

Slide 19

Experiments or… … ..? Examinations: Are costly Can fizzle (are not generally understudy verification… .) Are tedious Require wellbeing insurances and chemicals Are confined to particular research center hours & areas BAD thought: supplant all investigations with reenactments BETTER thought: reproductions as planning for genuine tests

Slide 20

"equipment" Theoretical model Equipment parameters Data Simulations - purposes Making the black box … .. straightforward Visualize hypothetical concepts Animate forms Sources: and H. McNair, Basic Liquid Chromatography,

Slide 21

demonstration classroom educating down to earth preparing in (dry) lab as step towards enhancement Simulations - applications

Slide 22

You get more understudies and less spending plan, what do you do Simulation - Chem. Designing case 3-stage clump response Glucose in water is oxidized at consistent pH, temperature, utilizing a Pd/C impetus and oxygen from air in a 1 liter CSTR Conversion is observed utilizing robotized titration with NaOH half change normally 1 hour (… … holding up time) Equipment regularly costs 10000 euro Interesting parameters: temperature, pH, starting focus, blending speed, wind stream (O 2/N 2 proportion) and the sum and kind of impetus (e.g. strong circles, absolutely permeable)

Slide 23

Source: J.C. Reijenga, unpublished results (1994)

Slide 24

Simulation - Chemistry illustration Virtual lab of expository detachment procedures Database Source:

Slide 25

Source: J.C. Reijen ga, J. Chromatogr ., 1991, 588 , 217-224 title

Slide 26

Source: J.C. Reijenga, E. Kenndler, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 659 , 403-415 and 417-426 title

Slide 27

Source: J.C. Reijenga, and M. Hutta, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 709 , 21-29

Slide 28

Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 47-54 title

Slide 29

HPLC test system specs #1 UV 200 - 400 nm & RI 75 test segments 0 - 65 o C Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A 903 (2000) 41-48

Slide 30

HPLC test system specs #2 5 - 500 mm 1 - 10 mm 1 - 25 µm MeOH ACN Source: J.C. Reijenga, J. Chromatogr. A 903 (2000) 41-48

Slide 31

HPLC test system augmentations Lichrospher100 RP18 5µm Lichrospher100 CN 5µm Spherisorb ODS-2 5µm Aluspher100 RPSelectB 5µm TSKgel Super ODS ChromolithPerformance RP C18e 3 (4) parameter show Valid 5 - 90% source: ChromSword Source: J.C. Reijenga and M. Hutta, J. Sep. Science, submitted october 2005

Slide 32

HPLC test system, run of the mill yield

Slide 33

HPLC test system, show alternatives

Slide 34

Monolithic segment 150 mm, half ACN, temperature 65  0 °C

Slide 35

Conventional segment, 150 mm, 35 °C, molecule width 1  10 µm

Slide 36

ProteinLab warm treatment gel filtration ammonium Sulfate fractionation particle trade chromatography hydrophobic collaboration chromatography preparative isoelectric centering fondness chromatography 1D and 2D PAGE for immaculateness check Source:

Slide 37

see the progression of detachment… … Simulations - from large scale to small scale as such: reenactment of locator flags as definite result zoom in on time scale - from minutes to milliseconds zoom in on separation scale: from meters to millimeters (amid partition in section) from millimeters to micrometers (limit layer impacts) from micrometers to nanomaters (atomic level points of interest) Source:

Slide 38

CZE/ITP Source:

Slide 39

Simul 4.0 Source: B. Gas (Prague) on

Slide 40 Conclusions Group work conquers any hindrance Theory - Real Life Situation chip away at relational abilities Simulations help crossing over any barrier Theory - Experiments take a shot at data innovation aptitudes Points for examination The world changes, change with it! There's no change without exertion, time and cash! Risk or opportunity? Mammoth strides or little strides? Seclusion, rivalry or participation?

Slide 41

Thank you