A Taxonomy of Sound Sources for utilization in Soundscape Studies

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Include the tables here. . Estimation Locations. Family Che LAM. Include the tables here. . Prevailing Sound in Summer in Sai Wan. Family Che LAM. Sound source distinguishing proof is a (starting) segment of (about) all soundscape thinks about. . the need. Samples. Straightforward portrayal of sources in field studiesSeeking what sources individuals distinguish in their surroundings (or in memory)Names of sources incorporated into laborato

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Slide 1

Taken a toll Action TD0804 Workshop Edinburgh Hot themes in soundscapes October 2009 A Taxonomy of Sound Sources for use in Soundscape Studies Lex Brown Griffith University Brisbane, Australia Acknowledgments to Jian Kang & Truls Gjestland

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Add the tables here Measurement Locations Kin Che LAM

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Add the tables here Dominant Sound in Summer in Sai Wan Kin Che LAM

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Sound source distinguishing proof is an (underlying) segment of (almost) all soundscape concentrates the need

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Examples Simple portrayal of sources in field examines Seeking what sources individuals recognize in their environment (or in memory) Names of sources incorporated into research facility thinks about Analyzing soundscapes: disaggregation into segment sounds veiling of a few sources by others

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the issue Different reviews regularly utilize diverse (in some cases uncertain) .… .. source wording & classifications/arrangement " human sounds"… … .… some of the time incorporates movement clamor in some cases not "natural sounds"… … here and there incorporates people as common, infrequently not "urban/city sounds"… … ....highly variable concerning what is incorporated "man-made sound" (sic)

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the issue In various reviews, current phrasing frequently interweaves: the nearness of a sound A "closeness" characterization foundation sound foreground sound ambient incidental sounds dominant sounds intermittent (worldly class.) * in some cases without particular of sources that constitute that grouping

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the issue In various reviews, current wording regularly interlaces: the nearness of a sound human qualities attributed to that sound. meddling sound unwanted sound annoying sound preferred sound quiet good clamor quality (sic) pleasant sounds

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An institutionalized characterization conspire (scientific classification) of sources/source sorts towards an answer

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Criteria for ordered terminology: Universal over a wide range of spots (diverse acoustic situations: urban, wild, provincial etc)* *with as few reference capabilities as could be allowed

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A "partition" in the writing wild, farmland, amusement settings urban space settings

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Soundscapes cuts crosswise over many fields human wellbeing/prosperity lodging soundscapes ecological commotion administration urban outline/arranging entertainment administration scene plan and administration wild administration sound quality Music/sound establishments human acoustic solace

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Criteria for ordered classification: Universal over a wide range of spots (diverse acoustic conditions: urban, wild, country and so forth) Nomenclature keeps away from esteem judgements

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Criteria for ordered classification: Universal over a wide range of spots (distinctive acoustic conditions: urban, wild, rustic and so on) Nomenclature evades esteem judgements Unambiguous in interpretation crosswise over dialects

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likewise 5 same Urban 1 Acoustic Environment Rural 1 Acoustic Environment Wilderness 2 Acoustic Environment Underwater Acoustic Environment untamed life wind water thunder earth/ice development roadway activity rail activity marine movement air movement The Acoustic Environment A Taxonomy of Sources Indoor Acoustic Environment Outdoor Acoustic Environment Domains Categories sources same Nature 3 Sounds produced by human action/office Sounds not created by human action Domesticated Animals 3 Human development Motorized Transport Electro-mechanical: - stationary - portable Voice& Instrument Other Human 6 Social/common strides Non-increased Amplified 4 non-mechanized development ringers ventilation voice music clock tolls horticulture discourse firecrackers household singing azan amusement chuckling cautions electrical establishment industry

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Domains Categories sources

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Urban 1 Acoustic Environment Rural 1 Acoustic Environment Wilderness 2 Acoustic Environment Underwater Acoustic Environment Domains The Acoustic Environment Indoor Acoustic Environment Outdoor Acoustic Environment 1 The urban/rustic qualification won't generally be promptly characterized, yet stays valuable. 2 The wild class incorporates national parks, undeveloped regular and seaside zones, huge diversion regions and so on. The wild/provincial separation won't generally obvious.

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Domains Categories sources Urban 1 Acoustic Environment Sounds produced by human action/office Human development Motorized Transport Electro-mechanical: - stationary - versatile Voice& Instrument Other Human 6 Social/common Non-opened up Amplified 4 Recording, replay, and enhancement may happen for any sounds – as in establishments playing nature/untamed life sounds 6 Coughing, for instance

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Human development Motorized Transport Electro-mechanical: - stationary - portable Voice& Instrument Other Human 6 Social/shared strides Non-increased Amplified 4 non-mechanized development ringers roadway activity ventilation voice music clock tolls rail activity farming discourse firecrackers local marine movement singing azan air activity diversion chuckling cautions electrical establishment industry Categories sources

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natural life wind water thunder earth/ice development Domains Categories sources Urban 1 Acoustic Environment Nature 3 Sounds created by human action/office Sounds not produced by human action Domesticated Animals 3 While "nature" and "trained creatures" sources are "not produced by human action" there are numerous special cases—hints of running water in built water highlights or the hints of twist on structures. Tamed creature sounds will by and large be from creatures related with a human action/office.

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likewise 5 same Urban 1 Acoustic Environment Rural 1 Acoustic Environment Wilderness 2 Acoustic Environment Underwater Acoustic Environment untamed life wind water thunder earth/ice development roadway movement rail activity marine activity air movement The Acoustic Environment A Taxonomy of Sources Indoor Acoustic Environment Outdoor Acoustic Environment Domains Categories sources same Nature 3 Sounds created by human action/office Sounds not produced by human action Domesticated Animals 3 Human development Motorized Transport Electro-mechanical: - stationary - portable Voice& Instrument Other Human 6 Social/mutual strides Non-opened up Amplified 4 non-mechanized development ringers ventilation voice music clock tolls horticulture discourse firecrackers residential singing azan entertainment chuckling cautions electrical establishment industry

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Ability to liken category/source terminology across all reviews in any spots of soundscape intrigue

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