A Needs Analysis of University of Johannesburg First Year Students

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A Needs Analysis of University of Johannesburg First Year Students' Needs Assessment Project 2005 Auckland Park Kingsway Campus Student Services Bureau South Africa W. Van Reenen, A. Pretorius & M. Snyman April 2006

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PRESENTATION LAY-OUT Introduction Orientation Methodology Results Interpretation of Results Conclusions Limitations of Study and Future Work References Appendix A: Students' Needs Assessment Questionnaire UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION Institutional Change: Historical Background of the University of Johannesburg In December 2002 Cabinet declared change and reproduction of the SA Higher Education scene into Universities Comprehensive Universities of Technology and National Institutions of Higher Education (Andrew, Pretorius & Pretorius, 2005). The University of Johannesburg (UJ) is a Comprehensive Institution. The UJ was made out of three distinct foundations : UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION Rand Afrikaans University The Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) was generally a college for white understudies, in the principle. RAU offered a full scope of customary degree courses . RAU joined two of the Vista University grounds in 2004. Auckland Park Kingsway Campus UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION Vista University Soweto Campus Vista was set up as a college chiefly for dark understudies from hindered foundations. Restricted projects were offered and understudies did not generally follow college section necessities. East Rand Campus UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION Technikon Witwatersrand In 2005 RAU converged with the Technikon Witwatersrand (TWR). TWR offered just profession centered projects . Auckland Park Bunting Road Campus UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION GEOGRAPHIC POSITION OF THE UNIVERSITY AS MULTI-CAMPUS INSTITUTION (45 000 understudies ) ERC 1.7% 60 km APK 59% APB 16% DFC 19% 4 km 6 km 28 km 10 km SWC 4.3% UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTRODUCTION Access and Throughput A sum of 120 000 understudies enlisted in 2000 in the nation's open higher education establishments. Toward the end of 2000, 36 000 (30%) dropped out . A further 24 000 dropped out between their second and third years. Of the staying half, not as much as half graduated inside the allotted minimum time of study. Most of the drop-out understudies were dark understudies. In money related terms drop-out understudies cost South Africa about R4.5 billion in appropriations designated to advanced education organizations by the State. (HSRC, 2006). UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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ORIENTATION Problem Statement and Purpose of Research The errand and test of understudy instructors are to choose, put, plan and bolster understudies in a manner that not just the most skilled understudies will have the capacity to graduate additionally understudies who might generally not be allowed to be chosen and upheld. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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ORIENTATION Problem Statement and Purpose of Research Joining these foundations – each with an altogether different ethos and distinctive objectives, foundations, institutional characters and projects – infers bringing understudies from various foundations, desires and needs together in an understudy populace of more than 45 000 understudies and five locales of conveyance. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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ORIENTATION Problem Statement and Purpose of Research The adjustment in understudy demographics, and an expanding familiarity with the individual, scholastic and profession needs of understudies, required a re-assessment of understudy guiding administrations in tending to these necessities to improve throughput. A pilot concentrate on the necessities of first-year understudies – both original and non-original understudies – was attempted on three grounds. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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ORIENTATION Description of Relevant Concepts (for motivation behind our concentrate) First Year Student A individual enlisted full-time interestingly for any of the certify first year courses offered on three diverse grounds. Establishment Program Student A understudy who did not meet the recommended passage necessities as set out by the distinctive resources can be set in the establishment program (additionally subject to set section prerequisites). Original Student A understudy whose guardians, and also siblings and additionally sisters, have no experience of post-school preparing at a school, technikon or college. Needs Something that is needed or required in light of the fact that it is crucial or imperative as opposed to simply attractive (Kavanagh, K. (Ed.), 2002). On account of this study, vital for effective scholastic execution . UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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METHODOLOGY Sampling Method, Target Population and Sample Size All 1 st year & establishment program understudies who were enrolled for undergrad studies on 3 UJ-grounds, APK, ERC & SWC, in 2005 Variables : Campus; Home Language; Gender; Racial Group; Study Year; Type of Accommodation; Faculty. Variables: The 5 needs – Career; Academic; Emotional; Social; Physical. 1. Examining Method 3. Test Size Convenience Sampling Method was utilized. 2. Target Population UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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METHODOLOGY Research Method A quantitative study. Polls, Afrikaans & English, were conveyed amid addresses. Instructors distributed time for finishing. Understudies returned polls. One fieldworker was utilized. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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METHODOLOGY Measurement Instrument: Questionnaire Time Duration: ± 10 min . 33 Questions : 9 – Open & 24 – Closed. 4 Sections : Biographical Info; Use of Services; Needs; Comments. The degree of a need is shown on a 5-point Likert Scale: 1 2 3 4 5 Not at To a lesser To an To a more prominent To an extremely all extent average extent huge (1–40%) extent (61-80%) extent (41–60%) (81–100%) The structure dependability and the inside consistency of the poll are high. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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METHODOLOGY Statistical Procedures and Analysis Programs : Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 13.0) & Microsoft Office Excel 2003. Information was factual examined in participation with the UJ Statistical Consultation Services (STATCON). Frequencies , Contingency Tables & Mean Calculations to serve as expressive measurements. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Description of Survey's Sample Gender N = 1428 UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Description of Survey's Sample Racial Group N = 1428 UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Description of Survey's Sample Program N = 1428 UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Description of Survey's Sample Type of Accommodation N = 1428 UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Mean and Median UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Racial Groups UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Program UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Career Needs (Average) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Academic Needs (Average) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Emotional Needs (Average) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Social Needs (Average) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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RESULTS Physical Needs (Average) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS The larger part of understudies from the specimen were: Female (50.8%) Black (45.4%) First year (66.8%) Living with guardians (50.6%) UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS The degree of the need to accumulate more data on the five distinct needs, measured as takes after (positioned from most elevated to least): UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS Black understudies , particularly those in the establishment programs , had the best need to assemble more data on every one of the necessities. There were critical contrasts between the accompanying: Racial gatherings : Black; White; Colored; Indian Type of projects : Foundation program; First year Type of settlement : Parents; Other family; UJ-living arrangement; Friends; On your own; Other There were no huge contrasts between the two sexual orientations , female and male. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS The thing that deliberate the most astounding, per need, is as per the following: UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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CONCLUSIONS With the merger of the diverse establishments, the understudy populace of the UJ changed. It is basic to set up the requirements of the present understudies of the UJ to give and render administrations, support and advising in accordance with the necessities. Most elevated needs as indicated by the 2005 example were profession, scholarly and passionate requirements. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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LIMITATIONS OF STUDY AND FUTURE WORK Limitations of concentrate Small examples on grounds. Original understudies couldn't be recognized. Future work Explore elective testing strategy . Distinguish original understudies . Center gatherings to distinguish topics and particular needs. Follow-up concentrate every year or bi-yearly. UJ, APK Campus, SSB, South Africa

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Student Services Bureau Contact us University of Johannesburg P.O.Box 524 Auckland Park 2006 Johannesburg Republic of South Africa Tel.: +27 11 489 3324 Fax: +27 11 489 2157 Email: mandas@uj.ac.za ; anliap@uj.ac.za ; wilnavr@uj.ac.za Website: http://www.uj.ac.za

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