A Lost Generation

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Slide 1

A Lost Generation? Standard 10.6.3 Understand the broad dissatisfaction with prewar foundations, powers, and values that brought about a void that was later filled by totalitarians. Standard 10.6.4 Discuss the impact of World War I on writing, craftsmanship, and scholarly life in the West (e.g., Pablo Picasso, the "lost generation" of Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway).

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Please don't talk at this time April 1 Consider the notes you took yesterday on the survivors of the Armenian Genocide. On a half sheet leave card, please answer the accompanying? How are these individuals Witnesses to the occasions of the Armenian Genocide? What is being a witness? Is it accurate to say that they are Bystanders? Why or why not? What have they finished with their insight into the Armenian Genocide? Are these activities capable? Is it accurate to say that they are making something happen or change?

Slide 3

The Inter War Years… We are currently going to take a gander at what happened in the years amongst WWI and WWII. We'll begin with European responses to WWI. Face out your Results of WWI paper from a week ago. Take a gander at your response to the BSQ on page 2. What are Europeans managing after WWI is over?

Slide 4

What was the Lost Generation? The lost era was a term instituted by Gertrude Stein to portray youthful American craftsmen (generally scholars) who rejected American beliefs in the 1920s and moved to Paris to carry on with the bohemian way of life (gathering it up, live for now, in light of the fact that there might be no tomorrow). Celebrated individuals from the Lost Generation included Stein herself, Ernest Hemingway, Ezra Pound, and F. Scott Fitzgerald.

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The Lost Generation believed that Western Civilization was reaching an End… Why might learned people have thought WWI was the end of the predominance of Western Civilization? 1918

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The Lost Generation felt double-crossed by their pioneers, their way of life, and their organizations. They asked themselves "How could this demise and demolition have been permitted to happen?" They felt powerless, and lost. They gave up for what's to come. Where once they had trusted, now they didn't. It created the impression that Good had lost the fight against Evil.

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Writers attempted to catch the distressing misery of War T.S. Eliot-The Waste Land (1922) JRR Tolkien-The Lord Of The Rings (1937-1954) F. Scott Fitzgerald-The Great Gatsby (1925) Ernest Hemingway-An American writer Served in WWI A Farewell to Arms (1929) "I know the night is not the same as the day: that everything is distinctive, that the things of the night can't be clarified in the day, since they don't then exist, and the night can be a ghastly time for desolate individuals once their forlornness has started." See Also: Literature in the 1920's, Pg. 464

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Modern Art-Artists attempted to catch new view of reality… "Oppy Wood" – John Nash, 1917 "Gassed and Wounded" Eric Kennington, 1918 Old styles of workmanship couldn't express the profound misery brought about by WWI. Much of the time, individuals did not have any desire to recall the war too plainly or too precisely. WWI changed the way individuals saw the world and this was reflected in their craft. "The individuals Who Have Lost Their Names" Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914

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Cubism-Reality broken into Pieces Cubism was resulting from the experience of the WWI war zone. During the evening, detonating bombs lit the sky in fast flashes, bringing on the world to look incoherent, bended, cluttered, and separated into stark pieces. In Cubism… Objects are separated and re-gathered in unique frame. Picasso Pre-WWI work African covers See likewise: Revolution in the Arts, Pg. 465

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What do you see? Pablo Picasso, Three Musicians , 1921

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What do you see? Pablo Picasso, Still Life, 1924

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Surrealism-Trying to show how things Feel During WWI, the author of surrealism, André Breton, who had prepared in solution and psychiatry, served in a neurological healing facility where he utilized the psychoanalytic techniques for Sigmund Freud with officers who were shell-stunned. He looked for an approach to express the inward workings of the brain, those emotions, encounters, inclinations and impressions that were isolated from rationale and reason. Surrealism is a craftsmanship development that looked to interface the universe of dreams with genuine living. Dreamlike—past or above reality Yves Tanguy, Indefinite Divisibility 1942

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How is this work of art associated with the possibility of Perception? Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory , 1931

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What do you see? Salvador Dali, The Temptation of St Anthony What does this canvas educate you regarding how the craftsman is feeling?

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Music-Ragtime, Jazz and Swing Musical craftsmen in the US joined African rhythms from the South with well known music to make jazz, jazz and swing. This music held a wavering before the last beat of four. That delay communicated the instability and anguish of the post war world. The faltering is the thing that makes this music sound unique in relation to established music. The best performers like Woody Herman, Duke Ellington and Fats Waller were bosses at controlling this faltering in the music. Swing moves like Lindy-jump, Balboa and Shag were made to exploit the new music. These moves likewise broke taboos.

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Psychology-Trying to discover how the cerebrum functions Sigmund Freud—doctor He opened a window on the oblivious — where, he said, desire, fierceness and suppression fight for matchless quality — and changed the way we see ourselves-TIME Magazine Believed that human conduct is silly Believed people are driven by their oblivious personality Believed dreams could individuals comprehend their oblivious Freud enormously impacted the surrealists See likewise: Influence of Freudian Psychology, Pg. 463

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Please don't talk at this time April 6 HW: Projects due this week. Confirm your Check List! Get a perusing about the impacts of aggregate war and read it to yourself. Consider the inquiries as an afterthought. How might you answer them? When you are done, get out your Lost Generation Cornell Notes.

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Science-Trying to discover how the physical world truly functions Albert Einstein (1879-1955) German-conceived physicist-a valid out of the case mastermind - the virtuoso among virtuosos who found, only by considering it, that the universe was not as it appeared. –TIME Magazine Discovered that space and time are not steady Known for seeing things from a totally new edge, and afterward contriving straightforward investigations to demonstrate his thoughts. Hypothesis of Relativity changed how individuals saw the world Werner Heisenberg—Uncertainty Principle (1927) The all the more accurately the position is resolved, the less exactly the force is known right now, and the other way around. Trusted we could comprehend what we couldn't know See additionally: Impact of Einstein's Theory of Relativity, pg. 463

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Philosophy-Trying to choose what we ought to consider next… John Paul Sartre, Albert Camus-Existentialism-Humans must characterize their own Reality There is no all inclusive intending to life. There is nobody approach to arrange or clarify the universe We should make our own particular importance We can never genuinely see each other, in light of the fact that we are very unique. No two understandings are the same. See additionally: Thinkers React to Uncertainties, Pg. 464

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Existentialism in the films… . WOODY ALLEN:  That's a significant flawless Jackson Pollock, would it say it isn't? Young lady IN MUSEUM:  Yes it is. WOODY ALLEN:  What does it say to you? Young lady IN MUSEUM:  It restates the negativeness of the universe, the ghastly desolate vacancy of presence, nothingness, the quandary of man compelled to live in a fruitless, pagan forever, similar to a small fire flashing in a massive void, with only waste, frightfulness, and debasement, shaping a pointless somber straightjacket in a dark preposterous universe. [pause] WOODY ALLEN:  What are you doing Saturday night? Young lady IN MUSEUM:  Committing suicide. WOODY ALLEN:  What about Friday night? Young lady IN MUSEUM: [leaves silently] "Play It Again, Sam" , Paramount Pictures, 1972;

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Now take a gander at your arrangement of data about the better approach for supposing in Europe… What do you take note? What words would you use to portray how individuals are seeing the world and their place in it?

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Historical Quotes-A look at evolving rationality (what you think) and philosophy (what you trust) Get a bit of paper and a pen. Set it up this way: Quote Philosophy Name There are 8 cites set out on tables in the room. With your accomplice, visit a quote, compose it on your paper and discuss what it implies. You will have 3 minutes for every quote.

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"Which means must be searched out, there is no all inclusive intending to life. We make our own importance through life decisions and our activities. While there is no ethical assurance, we do have organization in that we can settle on decisions." "Adore God, your neighbors, your foes, and yourself. Each individual has worth and in the meantime every individual has an obligation to the entire group. You ought to carry on with your life as indicated by good standards." "The reasonable depiction of life is not the motivation behind workmanship. Workmanship ought to catch the internal universe of feeling, feeling, and the workings of our creative ability and oblivious personality." "Craftsmanship ought to catch a practical representation of the world. It ought to indicate regular individuals and our general surroundings." "The universe is represented by a particular arrangement of laws. The universe was requested by God the maker." "Quite a bit of human conduct is nonsensical and ridiculous. We are driven by that part of the mind that is oblivious and our oblivious seeks after activities controlled by our yearnings." " Every individual has the endowment of reason and as science reveals increasingly learning about the physical world, reason and information will achieve advance. Truths can be uncovered through perception and revealing of evid