8. Inside Completions FOR WOOD LIGHT Casing Development

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Handymen start the establishment of funneling - First the channel waste-vent (DWV) ... Family the handymen, circuit testers, and sheet metal specialists return ...

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Interior Construction Sequence Interior Partition Framing Rough-in (& Equipment) Code Compliance Inspection Thermal Insulation & Vapor Retarder Building Inspection Ceiling & Wall Materials Interior Millwork, Interior Finishes MPE Fixtures, Devices, Trim, & Appliances

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Waste/Vent Piping WC Rough-in Copper Water Piping (joints) Why not PVC? Pipe Insulation

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Vent Pipe Plumbing Why "Stack" Plumbing Fixtures? ?

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Insulated "Flex" Duct

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Insulation Sprinkler Pipe Rare in Residential Construction WHY? Adaptable Duct Anchorage

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Round Duct

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Square Ductwork

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Electrical Roughin

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Electrical roughin utilizing adaptable metal conductors

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Nail Protectors and Sealant to counteract smoke movement

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8.2 INTERIOR FINISHING OPERATIONS After the confining woodworkers and roofers complete the outside material and siding of the stage outline building, they are joined by various building exchange people to finish the expanding within Plumbers start the establishment of channeling - First the deplete squander vent (DWV) funnels (bigger breadth pipe) are introduced since they need the privilege of way - Second the little supply pipes, that bring hot and icy water; and gas channels are laid - If the building is to have a high temp water framework, the handymen put the evaporator and introduce the warming channels and convectors - Then sheet metal specialists introduce the heater and ventilation work for focal warm-air warming or potentially cooling The circuit testers finish the wiring of the working After this "harsh" establishment, investigators from the city building division check each of the introduced frameworks for consistence with the pipes, electrical and sheet metal codes

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8.2 INTERIOR FINISHING OPERATIONS (Cont'd) Thereafter, associations are made to the outer wellsprings of water, gas, power and correspondence benefits, and to a method for sewage transfer (to a fundamental sewer or a septic tank and a filtering field) At this point, the general building monitor of the region is called to analyze the encircling, outside completing and protection for consistence to the code arrangements. Any inadequacy found at this stage must be redressed instantly before continuing further. The second period of inside complete operations begin The intricate tangle of 'confining individuals, pipes, channels, wires and protection' quickly vanishes behind the complete divider and roof materials The inside millwork - entryways, complete stairs, railings, cupboards, racks, storage room insides , and entryway and window housings - is introduced by complete woodworkers Finish flooring materials are introduced as late as could be allowed to spare them from harm by the passing multitudes of laborers Finish craftsmen then introduce the baseboards

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8.2 INTERIOR FINISHING OPERATIONS (Cont'd) Painters prime, paint, stain, varnish and paper the inside Family the handymen, circuit repairmen, and sheet metal specialists return quickly to introduce the pipes apparatuses, electrical repositories, switches, light apparatuses, air flame broils and registers A last round of examination are done to cure the waiting imperfections Now the building is prepared for inhabitance

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8.3 THERMAL INSULATION AND VAPOR RETARDER Thermal protection keeps a building cooler in summer and hotter in winter by hindering the section of warmth through the outside surfaces of the building - Keeps the tenants of the building more agreeable by directing the temperatures of the inside surfaces of the building and lessening convective drafts - Reduces the vitality utilization of the working for warming and cooling, to a small amount of what it would be without protection Thermal protection is any material added to a building get together, with the end goal of abating thee conduction of warmth through the get together

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Thermal Insulation Purpose Materials Installation R-Values

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Vapor Retarder Outside Wall

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8.3 THERMAL INSULATION AND VAPOR RETARDER (Cont'd) 8.3.1 Types of thermally protecting materials: Glass fiber batts (covers) are the most famous sort of protection for divider cavities in new development - Widely utilized as a part of loft and rooftop protection (i) Batt or cover - Glass/shake fleece - R esteem 3.2-3.7 - Incombustible (ii) High thickness batt - Glass fleece - R esteem 4.3 - Incombustible (iii) Loose fill - Glass/shake fleece - R esteem 2.5-3.5 - Incombustible (iv) Loose strands with folios - Treated cellulose, glass fleece - R esteem 3.1-4.0 - Incombustible (v) Foamed set up - Polyurethane - R esteem 5-7 - Combustible (vi) Foamed set up - Polyicynene - R esteem 3.6-4.0 - Combustible yet self- extinguishing (vii) Rigid board - Polystyrene froth R esteem 4-5 - Combustible, however self- extinguishing (viii) Rigid board - glass fiber - R esteem 3.5 - Incombustible (ix) Rigid board - Cane fiber - R esteem 2.5 - Combustible - Low cost

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8.3 THERMAL INSULATION AND VAPOR RETARDER (Cont'd) 8.3.2 Increasing Levels of Thermal Insulation: Thicker dividers, protecting sheathing materials and different plans have been created amid the previous a quarter century - Insulation levels can be expanded from R12 of an ordinary stud divider by utilizing either 2x6 encircling and thicker batt protection or 2x4 surrounding with plastic froth sheathing in blend with batt protection - Treated wood establishments can likewise be protected to high R-values - Ceiling protection batts typically should be compacted to fit them into the decreased space under the rooftop sheathing 8.3.3 Radiant Barriers: In hotter areas brilliant boundaries are by and large progressively used to diminish stream of sun oriented warmth into the building - These are thin sheets or boards confronted with a splendid metal thwart that reflects infrared radiation; they are introduced over the rafters or studs and underneath the sheathing - Effective just if the brilliant surface of the obstruction confronts a ventilated airspace. Sun powered warmth that has gone through the external skin of building is expelled by convection; likewise these obstructions are arranged with folds that would naturally give the ventilated airspace - Radiant hindrances are utilized as a part of alongside routine protecting materials to accomplish the coveted general warm execution

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8.3 THERMAL INSULATION AND VAPOR RETARDER (Cont'd) 8.3.4 Vapor Retarders: Vapor retarder is a film of metal thwart, plastic, or treated paper set on the warm side of the warm protection to keep water vapor from entering the protection and consolidating into fluid; its part increments in significance as the warm protection levels increment - Many batt protection materials are outfitted with a vapor retarder layer of treated paper or aluminum thwart effectively appended - Designers in icy atmosphere like to utilize unfaced batts and apply a different vapor retarder of polyethylene sheet, since a vapor retarder connected to batts has a crease at every stud that can release noteworthy amounts of air and vapor 8.3.5 Air Infiltration and Ventilation: Much consideration is given to decreasing the air invasion between the inside and outside, since spillage frequently represents the real segment of the fuel smoldered to warm the working in winter - This pattern has brought about houses and condo that trade so little air with the outside prompting to amassing of dampness, scents and substance poisons inside - Hence aerial warmth exchangers have been introduced to recuperate the warmth from the depleted air from the building

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Vapor Retarders Purpose Materials Installation

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8.3 THERMAL INSULATION AND VAPOR RETARDER (Cont'd) 8.3.6 Airtight Drywall Approach (ADA): As a contrasting option to vapor retarders, water/air proof drywall approach has been utilized as a part of structures - It depends on the presumption that most buildup issues are created by the air spilling out from the inside of the working to outside - Hence if all the inside joints in the gypsum (drywall) board is fixed by utilizing compressible froth gaskets or sealants then air spillage is wiped out - notwithstanding giving great control of water vapor, ADA additionally diminishes warm misfortunes that happen due to air penetration all things considered

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Radiant Barriers Used to lessen the stream of sun oriented warmth Thin sheets of boards confronted with metal thwart Reflects infrared radiation Airtight Drywall Approach Reduce/dispose of air penetration Effect: Control the stream of water vapor Reduce warm misfortune (pick up) as a result of air penetration

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Gypsum Drywall - stacked

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Joint Reinforcing Tape Corner globule Joint Tape Applied Joint Compound

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Applying Joint Compound

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Wall & Ceiling Finish Plaster Gypsum Drywall Veneer Plaster

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Millwork & Finish Carpentry Window Casings Baseboards Cabinets

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Flooring & Hard Tiles Floor Preparation Flooring Materials Wall Materials

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Floor Underlayment Purpose: Level Floor Increase Fire Resistance Reduce Sound Transmission Materials Poured Gypsum Lightweight Concrete

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Flooring & Hard Tiles Floor Preparation Flooring Materials Wall Materials

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Finish Flooring Functions & Considerations Functions: Visual Acoustics Wearing Surface Considerations Life/solidness Skid resistance Sanitation Noise Fire (resistance, instability)

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Stone Flooring Types Marble Granite Slate Sandstone, … Installation Setting Bed Grouted joints

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Marble Flooring

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Quarry Tile Fired Clay tile